DOI: 10.14704/nq.2018.16.5.1299

A Cognitive Study of College Students’ English Vocabulary Based on Electroencephalogram

Zefen Zhang


In this study, a vocabulary cognition experiment is designed with cross-language startup paradigm from the cognitive perspective to analyze the time course of English vocabulary semantic accessibility of college students, the influence of words and speech information on English semantic accessibility, and the relationship between English learning and Chinese learning and their mutual influence on the cognitive process. The experiment uses event-related potential technology to record the sensory and cognitive processes of the brain online in a continuous and real time manner. The components of the scalp area are separated to determine the cortical areas activated by the mental activity, thus determining the internal nerve source of the explicit behavior. This study discusses English vocabulary learning from the perspective of cognitive linguistics, mainly to understand learners' cognitive characteristics and cognitive process of English vocabulary learning. In view of this phenomenon, it is proposed that learners should establish the cognitive schema of English vocabulary to form the semantic network of English vocabulary, overcome the negative transfer of mother tongue, and achieve vocabulary cognition through a great deal of English input and mastery of context knowledge. This study complements the research on vocabulary cognition of college students, and the results provide theoretical guidance for college students' English learning and language teaching.


Electroencephalogram (EEG), Vocabulary cognition, Cognitive Linguistics, Event-related Potential

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