DOI: 10.14704/nq.2013.11.3.684

A Timeless and Spaceless Quantum Theory of Consciousness

Jianfeng Li


In this article, a timeless and spaceless theory of consciousness in terms of quantum entanglement is proposed. It is shown that time and consciousness can be spontaneously emerged and, thus, be defined by separating a subsystem from a much bigger quantum system. The mass and relative distances are recognized as functions of the entanglement entropies between separated systems and the classical background space can be restored in terms of these relative distances. We carefully examine the world with two coexisting consciousnesses. By equivalence principle of consciousness, the criterion of whether an entity is conscious or not is formulated implying that nowadays robots cannot be conscious. In addition, the relativity of intrinsic and extrinsic attributes of consciousness is discussed which might reveal the intricate connections between material and spiritual worlds at the deepest level. This relativity together with the new interpretation of mass further implies that consciousness has a negative mass, but this counterintuitive prediction needs to be verified by future experiments.

NeuroQuantology | September 2013 | Volume 11 | Issue 3 | Page 431-442


quantum entanglement; relative distance; timeless and spaceless; Leibnizian philosophy

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


Barbour J. Relative-distance Machian theories. Nature 1974; 249: 2.

Barbour J. The end of time: the next revolution in physics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Barbour J. The deep and suggestive principles of Leibnizian philosophy. The Harvard Review of Philosophy 2003; 11: 45-58.

Barbour, J. The nature of time. 2009. arXiv:0903.3489.

Bohm D. A new theory of the relationship of mind to matter. Philosophical Psychology 1990; 3: 271-286.

Bohm D. Wholeness and the implicate order. Routledge, 1980.

Chalmers DJ. Facing up to the problem of consciousness. J Conscious Stud 1995;2:200-218.

De Sousa A. Towards an integrative theory of consciousness-part 1 (neurobiological and cognitive models). Mens sana monographs 2013; 11: 100-150.

De Sousa A. Towards an integrative theory of consciousness-part 2 (an anthology of various other models). Mens sana monographs 2013; 11: 151-209.

DeWitt BS. In: DeWitt BS, Graham N (Eds), The many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ Press, 1973.

Everett H. 'Relative State' formulation of quantum mechanics. Rev Mod Phys 1957; 29:454-462.

Hales C. Dual aspect science. J of Conscious Stud 2009; 16: 30-73.

Hameroff SR. The brain is both neurocomputer and quantum computer. Cognitive Sci 2007; 31: 1035-1045.

Hameroff S. Orchestrated Reduction of Quantum Coherence in Brain Microtubules: A Model for Consciousness. NeuroQuantology 2007; 5(1):1-8.

Hameroff SR and Penrose R. Conscious Events as Orchestrated Spacetime Selections. NeuroQuantology 2003; 1: 10-35.

Hameroff SR and Penrose R. Orchestrated reduction of quantum coherence in brain microtubules: A model for consciousness. Neural Network World 1995; 5: 793-804.

Joos E, Zeh HD, Kiefer C, Guilini D, Kupsch J and Stamatescu IO.Decoherence and the Appearance of a Classical World in Quantum Theory. Berlin: Springer, 2003.

Kiefer C. Quantum Gravity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Mensky MB. Mathematical Models of Subjective Preferences in Quantum Concept of Consciousness. NeuroQuantology 2011; 9: 614‐620.

Mensky MB. Postcorrection and Mathematical Model of Life In Extended Everett's Concept. NeuroQuantology 2007; 5: 363-376.

Mensky MB. Everett interpretation and quantum concept of consciousness. NeuroQuantology 2013; 1: 85-96.

Smith CUM. The 'hard problem' and the quantum physicists. Part 1: The first generation. Brain Cogn 2006; 61: 181-188.

Smith CUM. The 'hard problem' and the quantum physicists. Part 2: Modern times. Brain Cogn 2009; 71: 54-63.

Supporting Agencies

Author thanks NSFC (Grant No. 21104010) for financial support.

| NeuroScience + QuantumPhysics> NeuroQuantology :: Copyright 2001-2019