Home About Login Current Archives Announcements Editorial Board
Submit Now For Authors Call for Submissions Statistics Contact
Home > Archives > Volume 16, No 6 (2018) > Article

DOI: 10.14704/nq.2018.16.6.1551

Mediating Effect of Self-worth and Depression on the Relationship between Subjective Age and Subjective Well-being of the Elderly

Hongyan Chen


This paper aims to disclose the mediating effect of self-worth and depression on the relationship between subjective age and subjective well-being of the elderly. For this purpose, 238 questionnaires were issued to elderly in Shaanxi, China. 219 (92.02%) of valid questionnaires were returned. During the survey, the respondents evaluated each item on the questionnaire against the age decade scale (ADS), geriatric depression scale (GDS-11), geriatric self-worth scale (GSWS) and Memorial University of Newfoundland Scale of Happiness (MUNSH). The main conclusions are as follows: Feel age, look age, behavior age and interest age were all lower than the actual age; The old people with a high level of education and a high involvement in leisure activities tend to have a young subjective age; Subjective age had a significant effect on subjective well-being, self-worth and depression, while self-worth and depression mediated the relationship between subjective age and subjective well-being. Therefore, the subjective well-being among the elderly can be promoted by reducing subjective age and enhancing self-worth. This research provides new insights into the research on subjective well-being of elderly.


Subjective Age, Self-worth, Depression, Subjective Well-being, Elderly

Full Text



Barak B, Schiffman LG. Cognitive age: a nonchronological age variable. Advances in Consumer Research 1981; 8(1): 602-06.

Bowling A, Dieppe P. What is successful ageing and who should define it? BMJ 2005; 331 (7531): 1548-51.

Brink TL, Yesavage JA, Lum O, Heersema PH, Adey M, Rose TL. screening tests for geriatric depression. Clinical Gerontologist 1982; 1(1): 37-43.

Chen NY. The impact of social participation on the successful aging of middle-aged and elderly people. Chinese Journal of Gerontology 2017; (23): 5962-64.

Huang TT, Li Y, Wang DH. Influence of subjective age on quality of life in older adults: mediation of depression and anxiety. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology 2017; 25(1):127-31.

Huang TT, Liu LQ, Wang HD, Zhang WH. Socio economic status and socio metric status: age difference on the effects of social comparison on subjective well-being. Acta Psychologica Sinica 2016; 48(9):1173-81.

Kotter-Grühn D, Hess TM. The impact of age stereotypes on self-perceptions of aging across the adult lifespan. Journals of Gerontology 2012; 67(5):563-71.

Kozma A, Stones MJ. The Measurement of happiness: Development of the memorial university of newfoundland scale of happiness. Journal of Gerontology 1980; 35: 906-12.

Li MD, Luo H, Qian Y, Niu YB. The influence of psychological capital and ops in successful aging. Chinese Journal of Applied Psychology 2016; 22(2):153-61.

Liang K. The cross-domain correlates of subjective age in Chinese oldest-old. Aging Mental Health 2014; 18(2): 217-24.

Liu RG, Gong YX. Test of the memorial university of newfoundland scale of happiness. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology 1997; 7(2): 107-10.

Liu TF, Yang LP. Age as an identifier of ageing: the effects of subjective age on old people’s subjective aging experiences. Psychological Exploration 2017; 37(4): 369-74.

Rubin DC, Berntsen D. People over forty feel 20% younger than their age: Subjective age across the lifespan. Psychological Bulletin & Review 2006; 13 (5): 776-80.

Shrira A, Bodner E, Palgi Y. Emotional complexity and its effect on psychological distress as a function of chronological age and subjective distance-to-death. Aging & Mental Health 2015; 19(12): 1056-62.

Song Y. A Study on the self-worth in old adults and its relationship with physical self. Southwest University, 2013.

Stephan Y, Caudroit J, Jaconelli A, Terracciano A. Subjective age and cognitive functioning: A 10-year prospective study. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 2014; 22(11):1180-87.

Tang, D. Application of short form geriatric depression scale (GDS-15) in china elderly. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology 2013; 21(3): 402-05.

Wang L, Li YF. Research on the quality evaluation system of process management of postgraduates of acupuncture and moxibustion. Journal of Nanjing University of Tom 2015; 16(2): 129-36.

Wei GX, Xu T, Fan FM, Dong HM, Jiang LL, Li HJ, Yang Z, Luo J, Zuo XN. Can Taichi reshape the brain? A brain morphometry study. PLoS One 2013; 8(4): e61038.

Westerhof GJ, Barrett AE. Age identity and subjective well-being: a comparison of the United States and Germany. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 2005; 60(3):129-36.

Wu PP. Feeling Younger: an effective way of promoting successful aging. West-University 2016:

Yesavage JA, Brink TL, Rose TL, Lum O, Huang V, Adey M, Leirer VO. Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale: a preliminary report. Journal of Psychiatric Research 1982; 17(1): 37-49.

Zahodne LB, Manly JJ, MacKay-Brandt A, Stern Y. Cognitive declines precede and predict functional declines in aging and Alzheimer’s disease. PLoS One 2013; 8(9): e73645.

Zhou G, Cao W, Deng XH. Gap between the subjective age and the chronological age of senior tourists and its relation to tourist motivation. Journal of Chongqing Normal University (Natural Science) 2016; 33(4):180-86.

Zuo XN, Ehmke R, Mennes M, Imperati D, Castellanos FX, Sporns O, Milham MP. Network centrality in the human functional connectome. Cerebral cortex 2011; 22(8): 1862-75.

Zuo XN, Kelly C, Di Martino A, Mennes M, Margulies DS, Bangaru S, Grzadzinski R, Evans AC, Zang YF, Castellanos FX, Milham MP. Growing together and growing apart: regional and sex differences in the lifespan developmental trajectories of functional homotopy. Journal of Neuroscience 2010; 30(45): 15034-43.