DOI: 10.14704/nq.2017.15.1.1000

Notes on Information and Choices

Daegene Song

Abstract


In this paper, we discuss that an observable-based single-system Copenhagen and entanglement-based two-system von Neumann measurement protocols in quantum theory can be made equivalent by considering the second part of the two-system scheme to be a Dirac-type negative sea filling up the first system. Based on this equivalence, and by considering the universe as a computational process, the choice of the apparatus state in the two-system protocol can be identified with the choice of the observable in the single-system scheme as negative sea filling up the observable universe. In particular, the measuring party's state is considered to be evolving backwards in time to the big bang as a nondeterministic computational process, which chooses the acceptable path as a time-reversal process of irreversible computation. The suggested model proposes that the prepared microstate of the universe, or reality, corresponds to the observer's choice, therefore, subjective reality. Thus, this effectively provides a specific description of the subjective universe model previously proposed, which is based on the symmetry breakdown between the Schrödinger and the Heisenberg pictures of quantum theory.

Keywords


Computational process; Nondeterministic computation; Choice

Full Text:

Full Text PDF

References


Aspect A, Dalibard J, and Roger G. Experimental test of Bell's inequalities using time-varying analyzers. Phys Rev Lett 1982; 49, 1804-1807.

Bekenstein JD. Black holes and entropy. Phys Rev D 1973; 7: 2333-2346.

Bell JS. On the Einstein Podolsky Rosen paradox. Phys 1964; 1: 195-200.

Bennett CH and Brassard G. Quantum cryptography: public key distribution and coin tossing. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing, Bangalore, India, December, 1984; pp175-179.

Bradford RAW. Entropy in the universe. 2012. http://www.rickbradford.co.uk/ChoiceCutsCh58.pdf.

Cleve R and Buhrman H. Substituting quantum entanglement for communication. Phys Rev A 1997; 56: 1201-1204.

Deutsch D. Quantum-theory, the Church-Turing principle and the universal quantum computer. Proc R Soc London A 1985; 400: 97-117.

Egan CA and Lineweaver CH. A larger estimate of the entropy of the universe. Astrophys J 2010; 710: 1825-1834.

Einstein A, Podolsky B, Rosen N. Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete? Phys Rev 1935; 47: 777-780.

Gibbons G and Hawking SW. Action integrals and partition functions in quantum gravity. Phys Rev D 1977; 15: 2752-2756.

Gröblacher S, Paterek T, Kaltenbaek R, Brukner C, Żukowski M, Aspelmeyer M, Zeilinger A. An experimental test of non-local realism. Nature 2006; 446: 871-875.

Hawking SW. Particle creation by black holes. Comm Math Phys 1975; 43: 199-220.

Hawking SW. Black holes and thermodynamics. Phys Rev D 1976;13: 191-197.

Landauer R. Irreversibility and heat generation in the computing process. IBM J Res Dev 1961; 5: 183-191.

Lloyd S. Ultimate physical limits to computation. Nature 2000; 406: 1047-1054. arXiv:quant-ph/9908043.

Lloyd S. Computational capacity of the universe. Phys Rev Lett 2002; 88: 237901.

Nielsen MA and Chuang I. Quantum computation and quantum information, Cambridge University press, 2000.

Song D. Non-computability of consciousness. NeuroQuantology 2007; 5: 382-391. arXiv:0705.1617 [quant-ph].

Song D. Unsolvability of the halting problem in quantum dynamics. Int J Theor Phys 2008; 47: 1785-1791. arXiv:quant-ph/0610047.

Song D. Einstein's moon. Phys Usp 2012; 55: 942-943. arXiv:1008.2892 [physics.gen-ph].

Song D. Negative entropy and black hole information. Int J Theor Phys 2014; 53: 1369-1374. arXiv:1302.6141 [physics.gen-ph].

Song D. The P versus NP problem in quantum physics. NeuroQuant 2014; 12: 350-354. arXiv:1402.6970 [physics.gen-ph].

Tittel W, Brendel J, Zbinden H, Gisin N. Violation of Bell inequalities by photons more than 10 km apart. Phys Rev Lett 1998; 81: 3563-3566.

Unruh WG. Notes on black-hole evaporation. Phys Rev D 1976; 14: 870-892.

Vedral V. Decoding reality: the universe as quantum information, Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2010.


Supporting Agencies

We appreciate Sangsan Brick Co. supporting this research by the development fund of the Chungbuk National university.



| NeuroScience + QuantumPhysics> NeuroQuantology :: Copyright 2001-2017