DOI: 10.14704/nq.2017.15.2.1011

Aspects of Reference and Information

Daegene Song


The self-reference method has yielded some of the most important results in the study of mathematical logic and computation. The physical realization of the self-reference method has been said to be the self-observation of consciousness, which suggests a non-computable element (i.e., there exists a natural phenomenon that cannot be computed). However, the contradiction or paradox in self-reference may be solved by adopting cyclical time. Contrary to the familiar notion of time as a linear progression, the cyclical concept of time suggests that time circulates. In this cyclical time model (i.e., ), the non-computable element in self-observation can be considered to be computable.


Self-reference, self-observation, cyclical time

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The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

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