DOI: 10.14704/nq.2018.16.8.1128

Gates for Conversation in Microbes

Subhoshmita Mondal, Sarangam Majumdar

Abstract


Gate keeping has been useful to filter information for dispersal, whether for publication or some mode of communication. The ion channels in various microbes organize the flow of communication. The study of ion channels in bacteria has provided beginner insight to the neuron signalling, though the native role of ion channels in bacteria is yet indefinable. We have tried to summarize the structures of cell membranes bound with ion channels in prokaryotes and few eukaryotes. The signalling was combinedly proposed with information processing.

Keywords


Ion Channels, Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes, Information Processing

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arinaminpathy Y, Biggin PC, Shrivastava IH, Sansom MS. A prokaryotic glutamate receptor: homology modelling and molecular dynamics simulations of GluR0. FEBS Letters 2003; 553(3): 321-27.

Bass RB, Strop P, Barclay M, Rees DC. Crystal structure of Escherichia coli MscS, a voltage-modulated and mechanosensitive channel. Science 2002; 298(5598): 1582-87.

Beagle SD, Lockless SW. Microbiology: electrical signalling goes bacterial. Nature 2015; 527(7576): 44-45.

Booth IR, Edwards MD, Black S, Schumann U, Miller S. Mechanosensitive channels in bacteria: signs of closure?. Nature Reviews Microbiology 2007; 5(6):431-40.

Chen GQ, Cui C, Mayer ML, Gouaux E. Functional characterization of a potassium-selective prokaryotic glutamate receptor. Nature 1999; 402(6763): 817-21.

Costerton JW, Stewart PS, Greenberg EP. Bacterial biofilms: a common cause of persistent infections. Science 1999; 284(5418): 1318-22.

Czajkowsky DM, Iwamoto H, Szabo G, Cover TL, Shao Z. Mimicry of a host anion channel by a Helicobacter pylori pore-forming toxin. Biophysical Journal 2005; 89(5): 3093-101.

de Peyer JE, Machemer H. Membrane excitability inStylonychia: Properties of the two-peak regenerative Ca-response. Journal of Comparative Physiology 1977; 121(1): 15-32.

Deininger W, Kröger P, Hegemann U, Lottspeich F, Hegemann P. Chlamyrhodopsin represents a new type of sensory photoreceptor. The EMBO Journal 1995;14(23): 5849-58.

Deitmer JW, Machemer H, Martinac B. Motor control in three types of ciliary organelles in the ciliateStylonychia. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 1984; 154(1): 113-20.

Deitmer JW. Evidence for two voltage‐dependent calcium currents in the membrane of the ciliate Stylonychia. The Journal of Physiology 1984; 355(1): 137-59.

Domene C, Sansom MS. Potassium channel, ions, and water: simulation studies based on the high resolution X-ray structure of KcsA. Biophysical Journal 2003; 85(5): 2787-800.

Doyle DA, Cabral JM, Pfuetzner RA, Kuo A, Gulbis JM, Cohen SL, Chait BT, MacKinnon R. The structure of the potassium channel: molecular basis of K+ conduction and selectivity. Science 1998; 280(5360): 69-77.

Dutzler R, Campbell EB, Cadene M, Chait BT, MacKinnon R. X-ray structure of a ClC chloride channel at 3.0 Å reveals the molecular basis of anion selectivity. Nature 2002; 415(6869): 287-94.

Eckert R. Bioelectric control of ciliary activity. Science 1972; 176(4034): 473-81.

Gilbert RJ. Pore-forming toxins. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences CMLS 2002; 59(5): 832-44.

Gouaux E, MacKinnon R. Principles of selective ion transport in channels and pumps. Science 2005; 310(5753): 1461-65.

Gratia A. Sur un remarquable exemple d'antagonisme entre deux souches de coilbacille. CR Seances Soc. Biol. Fil. 1925; 93: 1040-41.

Gustin MC, Martinac B, Saimi Y, Culbertson MR, Kung C. Ion channels in yeast. Science 1986; 233(4769): 1195-97.

Gustin MC, Zhou XL, Martinac B, Kung C. A mechanosensitive ion channel in the yeast plasma membrane. Science 1988; 242(4879): 762-65.

Hall-Stoodley L, Costerton JW, Stoodley P. Bacterial biofilms: from the natural environment to infectious diseases. Nature Reviews Microbiology 2004; 2(2): 95-108.

Henke JM, Bassler BL. Three parallel quorum-sensing systems regulate gene expression in Vibrio harveyi. Journal of Bacteriology 2004; 186(20): 6902-14.

Iyer R, Iverson TM, Accardi A, Miller C. A biological role for prokaryotic ClC chloride channels. Nature 2002; 419(6908):715–18.

Jennings HS. Behavior of lower organisms. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1906.

Kamada T. Some observations on potential differences across the ectoplasm membrane of Paramecium. Journal of Experimental Biology 1934; 11(1): 94-102.

Karafyllidis IG. Quantum gate circuit model of signal integration in bacterial quorum sensing. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics (TCBB) 2012; 9(2):571-79.

Kloda A, Petrov E, Meyer GR, Nguyen T, Hurst AC, Hool L, Martinac B. Mechanosensitive channel of large conductance. The İnternational Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology 2008; 40(2): 164-69.

Koprowski P, Kubalski A. Voltage-independent adaptation of mechanosensitive channels in Escherichia coli protoplasts. The Journal of Membrane Biology 1998; 164(3): 253-62.

Kubalski A, Martinac B, Saimi Y. Proteolytic activation of a hyperpolarization-and calcium-dependent potassium channel inParamecium. The Journal of Membrane Biology 1989; 112(1): 91-96.

Kuner T, Seeburg PH, Guy HR. A common architecture for K+ channels and ionotropic glutamate receptors?. Trends in Neurosciences 2003; 26(1): 27-32.

Kuo MM, Haynes WJ, Loukin SH, Kung C, Saimi Y. Prokaryotic K+ channels: from crystal structures to diversity. FEMS microbiology Reviews 2005; 29(5): 961-85.

Kuo MM, Saimi Y, Kung C, Choe S. Patch clamp and phenotypic analyses of a prokaryotic cyclic nucleotide-gated K+ channel using Escherichia coli as a host. Journal of Biological Chemistry 2007; 282(33): 24294-301.

Kuo MM, Saimi Y, Kung C. K+ channels: a survey and a case study of Kch of Escherichia coli. InBacterial Ion Channels and Their Eukaryotic Homologs. Washington DC: American Society of Microbiology, 2005: 1-20.

Lakey JH, Slatin SL. Pore-forming colicins and their relatives. InPore-forming toxins. Berlin: Springer, 2001: 131-61.

Levina N, Tötemeyer S, Stokes NR, Louis P, Jones MA, Booth IR. Protection of Escherichia coli cells against extreme turgor by activation of MscS and MscL mechanosensitive channels: identification of genes required for MscS activity. The EMBO Journal 1999; 18(7): 1730-37.

Li Y, Moe PC, Chandrasekaran S, Booth IR, Blount P. Ionic regulation of MscK, a mechanosensitive channel from Escherichia coli. The EMBO Journal 2002; 21(20): 5323-30.

Long T, Tu KC, Wang Y, Mehta P, Ong NP, Bassler BL, Wingreen NS. Quantifying the integration of quorum-sensing signals with single-cell resolution. PLoS Biology 2009; 7(3): e1000068.

Loukin SH, Saimi Y. Carboxyl tail prevents yeast K+ channel closure: proposal of an integrated model of TOK1 gating. Biophysical Journal 2002; 82(2): 781-92.

Machemer H, Ogura A. Ionic conductances of membranes in ciliated and deciliated Paramecium. The Journal of Physiology 1979; 296(1): 49-60.

Machemer H. From structure to behaviour; Stylonychia as a model system for cellular physiology. Progr In Protistol. Bristol: Biopress Ltd, 1987; 2: 213-330.

Machemer H. Motor control of cilia. In: Goertz, HD., editor. Paramecium. Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1988: 216-35.

Mackinnon R. The Atomic Basis of Selective Ion Conduction in Potassium Channels. Nobel Lecture. http://nobelprize.org/chemistry/laureates/2003/mackinnon-lecture.html

Martinac B, Buechner M, Delcour AH, Adler J, Kung C. Pressure-sensitive ion channel in Escherichia coli. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 1987; 84(8): 2297-301.

Martinac B, Saimi Y, Kung C. Ion channels in microbes. Physiological Reviews 2008; 88(4): 1449-90.

Naıtoh Y, Eckert R. Sensory mechanisms in Paramecium: II. ionic basis of the hyperpolarizing mechanoreceptor potential. Journal of Experimental Biology 1973; 59(1): 53-65.

Naitoh Y, Eckert R. Ionic mechanisms controlling behavioral responses of Paramecium to mechanical stimulation. Science 1969; 164(3882): 963-65.

Nguitragool W, Miller C. Uncoupling of a CLC Cl−/H+ exchange transporter by polyatomic anions. Journal of Molecular Biology 2006; 362(4): 682-90.

Noskov SY, Roux B. Ion selectivity in potassium channels. Biophysical Chemistry 2006; 124(3): 279-91.

Ogura A, Machemer H. Distribution of mechanoreceptor channels in theParamecium surface membrane. Journal of Comparative Physiology 1980; 135(3): 233-42.

Pavlov E, Bladen C, Diao C, French RJ. Bacterial Na channels: progenitors, progeny, or parallel evolution?. InBacterial Ion Channels and Their Eukaryotic Homologs. Washington, DC: American Society of Microbiology, 2005: 191-207.

Perozo E, Cortes DM, Cuello LG. Three-dimensional architecture and gating mechanism of a K+ channel studied by EPR spectroscopy. Nature Structural and Molecular Biology 1998; 5(6): 459–69.

Perozo E, Marien D, Cuello LG. Structural rearrangements underlying K+-channel activation gating. Science 1999; 285(5424): 73-78.

Prindle A, Liu J, Asally M, Ly S, Garcia-Ojalvo J, Süel GM. Ion channels enable electrical communication in bacterial communities. Nature 2015; 527(7576): 59-63.

Ren D, Navarro B, Xu H, Yue L, Shi Q, Clapham DE. A prokaryotic voltage-gated sodium channel. Science 2001; 294(5550): 2372-75.

Rieper E. Quantum Coherence in Biological Systems (Doctoral dissertation). Centre for Quantum Technologies, 2011.

Ruthe HJ, Adler J. Fusion of bacterial spheroplasts by electric fields. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-Biomembranes 1985; 819(1): 105-13.

Saimi Y, Martinac B. Calcium-dependent potassium channel inParamecium studied under patch clamp. The Journal of Membrane Biology 1989; 112(1): 79-89.

Schrempf H, Schmidt O, Kümmerlen R, Hinnah S, Müller D, Betzler M, Steinkamp T, Wagner R. A prokaryotic potassium ion channel with two predicted transmembrane segments from Streptomyces lividans. The EMBO Journal 1995; 14(21): 5170-78.

Sukharev SI, Blount P, Martinac B, Blattner FR, Kung C. A large-conductance mechanosensitive channel in E. coli encoded by mscL alone. Nature 1994; 368(6468): 265–68.

Sukharev SI, Martinac B, Arshavsky VY, Kung CH. Two types of mechanosensitive channels in the Escherichia coli cell envelope: solubilization and functional reconstitution. Biophysical Journal 1993; 65(1): 177-83.

Sukharev SI, Martinac B, Blount P, Kung C. Functional reconstitution as an assay for biochemical isolation of channel proteins: application to the molecular identification of a bacterial mechanosensitive channel. Methods 1994; 6(1): 51-59.

Tolner B, Ubbink-Kok T, Poolman B, Konings WN. Characterization of the proton/glutamate symport protein of Bacillus subtilis and its functional expression in Escherichia coli. Journal of Bacteriology 1995; 177(10): 2863-69.

Vlamakis H, Aguilar C, Losick R, Kolter R. Control of cell fate by the formation of an architecturally complex bacterial community. Genes & Development 2008; 22(7): 945-53.

Xavier KB, Bassler BL. LuxS quorum sensing: more than just a numbers game. Current Opinion in Microbiology 2003; 6(2): 191-97.

Yoshimura K, Nomura T, Sokabe M. Loss-of-function mutations at the rim of the funnel of mechanosensitive channel MscL. Biophysical journal 2004; 86(4): 2113-20.


Supporting Agencies





| NeuroScience + QuantumPhysics> NeuroQuantology :: Copyright 2001-2018