DOI: 10.14704/nq.2017.15.4.1145

Developing a Training Intervention to Improve Performance of Neuropsychological Skills in ADHD Children

Zhiguo Yao


Cognitive neuroscience and attention are closely related to each other. By looking at the neurocognitive problems of hyperactivity and the benefits of cognitive function, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a training intervention to improve the performance of neuropsychological skills of ADHD children. Twenty nine students 9–12 years old who had been exposed to high levels of hyperactivity were selected from prior studies. The outcomes measures before and after the intervention were collected during a 13-week study. Post training performance of participants in the EPCP group was significantly higher. ADHD children in the control group had significantly lower performance. The training program that we set up in this study was effective for improving the performance of neuropsychological skills in ADHD children. The findings of this study conclude that an Educational Package of Cognitive Plays (EPCP) program can protect ADHD students from a reduction in neuropsychological skills at the processing and organizing of the information.


neuropsychological skills, ADHD children, students, intervention

Full Text:



Abdollahian E, Mokhber N, Balaghi A, Moharrari F. The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural play therapy on the symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children aged 7–9 years. ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders 2013; 5(1):41-6.

Allen R, Glavina H. An audit of an ADHD Assessment Clinic in light of NICE guidelines. Clinical Governance: An International Journal 2004; 9(3):167-71.

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®). American Psychiatric Pub, 2013: 63-6.

Ayres AJ. Sensory integration and praxis tests (SIPT). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services, 1989.

Cantwell DP. Attention deficit disorder: a review of the past 10 years. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 1996; 35(8):978-87.

Charach A, Carson P, Fox S, Ali MU, Beckett J, Lim CG. Interventions for preschool children at high risk for ADHD: a comparative effectiveness review. Pediatrics 2013; 131(5):1-21.

Dogra A, Veeraraghavan V. A study of psychological intervention of children with aggressive conduct disorder. Journal of clinical Psychology 1994; (21): 28-32.

Jorquera-Cabrera S, Romero-Ayuso D, Rodriguez-Gil G, Triviño-Juárez JM. Assessment of sensory processing characteristics in children between 3 and 11 years old: a systematic review. Frontiers in Pediatrics 2017; 5(57): 1-18.

McLachlan PJ, Kishimoto J, Diop M, Milej D, Lee DS, de Ribaupierre S, St Lawrence K. Investigating the effects of cerebrospinal fluid removal on cerebral blood flow and oxidative metabolism in infants with post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation. Pediatric Research 2017; 82(4): 634-43.

Michael S, Wendt D. How running and exercise can impact the behavior of ADHD children. Running research, retrieved from the world wide web. 2001.

Musser ED, Backs RW, Schmitt CF, Ablow JC, Measelle JR, Nigg JT. Emotion regulation via the autonomic nervous system in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 2011; 39(6): 841-52.

Sanz-Cervera P, Pastor-Cerezuela G, Sala FG, Tárraga-Mínguez R, Fernández-Andrés MI. Sensory processing in children with autism spectrum disorder and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in the home and classroom contexts. Frontiers in Psychology 2017; 8: 1772.

Seidman LJ. Neuropsychological functioning in people with ADHD across the lifespan. Clinical Psychology Review 2006; 26(4):466-85.

Semrud-Clikeman M, Teeter Ellison PA. Child neuropsychology: assessment and interventions for neurodevelopmental disorders. Berlin, Germany: Springer Science and Business Media; 2009: 89-103.

Wang Z. Neurofeedback Training intervention for enhancing working memory function in attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Chinese students. NeuroQuantology 2017; 15(2): 277-83.

Wilkes-Gillan S, Bundy A, Cordier R, Lincoln M, Chen YW. A randomised controlled trial of a play-based intervention to improve the social play skills of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). PloS One. 2016; 11(8):e0160558.

Xiaoxu WE, Xiaoxiang CH, Li HE, Liqun LI. Behavioral inhibition improvement through an emotional working memory (ewm) training intervention in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. NeuroQuantology 2017; 15(2):261-8.

Supporting Agencies

| NeuroScience + QuantumPhysics> NeuroQuantology :: Copyright 2001-2019