DOI: 10.14704/nq.2018.16.1.1161

Blood Sugar Reduction of Type 2 Diabetic Patients through a Mindfulness Intervention Program

Lihong Xiao

Abstract


The aim of this study was to examine the impact of a mindfulness intervention program on focus of attention and increased blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes. An experimental study with a 8-month follow-up was designed with an intervention group and control group. The intervention program of this study was developed for patients with type 2 diabetes (intervention group: n = 31; control group: n = 26), age range 20-65 years old. We included a 10-week intervention comprising the quadruple mindfulness steps and homework. The Focus of Attention Questionnaire (FAQ) was used to measure the variable focus of attention. The results showed that the intervention program can protect patients with type 2 diabetes from an increase in blood sugar at the glucose control period.

Keywords


Blood Sugar, Type 2 Diabetes, Mindfulness, Intervention

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Rowais NA. Glycemic control in diabetic patients in King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH)-Riyadh- Saudi Arabia. Saudi Pharmaceutıcal Journal, 2014. 22(3):203-06.

Barnard K, Lioy D, Holt R. Psychological burden of Diabetes and what it means to people with Diabetes psychology and Diabetes care. Word Journal of Diabetes 2012; 10(6): 572-83.

Barr EL, Zimmet PZ, Welborn TA, Jolley D, Magliano DJ, Dunstan DW, Cameron AJ, Dwyer T, Taylor HR, Tonkin AM, Wong TY. Risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in individuals with diabetes mellitus, impaired fasting glucose, and impaired glucose tolerance. Circulation 2007;116(2):151-57.

DiNardo MM. Mind-body therapies in diabetes management. Diabetes Spectrum 2009;22(1):30-34.

Ebrahimi L, Masoumi M, Hojjati AH, Firozjaie RA, Abdi M. Comparing the Quality of Life and Emotional Intelligence among Patients with Psychosomatic Disease (Type 2 Diabetes) and Healthy Individuals. NeuroQuantology. 2017;15(3):12-19.

Faude-Lang V, Hartmann M, Schmidt EM, Humpert P, Nawroth P, Herzog W. Acceptance-and mindfulness-based group intervention in advanced type 2 diabetes patients: therapeutic concept and practical experiences. Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie 2010;60(5):185-89.

Fu H, X Liu. Research on the Phenomenon of Chinese Residents’ Spiritual Contagion for the Reuse of Recycled Water Based on SC-IAT. Water 2017; 9(11):846. DOI:10.3390/w9110846

Grossman P, Tiefenthaler-Gilmer U, Raysz A, Kesper U. Mindfulness training as an intervention for fibromyalgia: evidence of postintervention and 3-year follow-up benefits in well-being. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 2007;76(4):226–33.

Hartmann M, Kopf S, Kircher C, Faude-Lang V, Djuric Z, Augstein F, Friederich HC, Kieser M, Bierhaus A, Humpert PM, Herzog W. Sustained effects of a mindfulness-based stress-reduction intervention in type 2 diabetic patients. Diabetes Care 2012;35(5):945-47.

Hippisley-Cox J, Coupland C. Diabetes treatments and risk of amputation, blindness, severe kidney failure, hyperglycaemia, and hypoglycaemia: open cohort study in primary care. BMJ 2016;352:i1450.

Hughes AE, Berg CA, Wiebe DJ. Emotional processing and self-control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Journal of Pediatric Psychology 2012;37(8):925-34.

Kabat-Zin J. Full Catastrophe Living: Using the Wisdom of Your Body and Mind to Face Stress, Pain and Illness. New York: Dell Publishing, 1990.

Kashfi SM, Khanı JA, Bahadorı KR, Hatamı M. Evaluation of the effects of educating about nutrition and jogging on the blood sugar of type II diabetic patients of a clinic in Shiraz, Iran. Journal:Mırror of Herıtage 2009;12(3):54-60.

Khawaja NA, Khalil H, Parveen K, Alghamdi AM, Ra’ed AA, Sa’ad MA. An influence of adrenaline (1:80,000) containing local anesthesia (2% Xylocaine) on glycemic level of patients undergoing tooth extraction in Riyadh. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal 2014; 22(6):545-49.

Khayyer M, Ostovar S, Latifian M, Taghavi MR, Samani S. The study of mediating effects of self-focused attention and social self-efficacy on links between social anxiety and judgment biases. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology 2008; 14(1):24-32.

Krysiak R, Rudzki H, Okopień B. Diabetes and prediabetes in endocrine disorders. Wiadomości lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland: 1960) 2012;65(3):187-98.

Lin EH, Von Korff M, Ciechanowski P, Peterson D, Ludman EJ, Rutter CM, Oliver M, Young BA, Gensichen J, McGregor M, McCulloch DK. Treatment adjustment and medication adherence for complex patients with diabetes, heart disease, and depression: a randomized controlled trial. The Annals of Family Medicine 2012;10(1):6-14.

Ludwig DS, Kabat-Zinn J. Mindfulness in medicine. JAMA 2008;300(11):1350-52.

Mannucci E, Dicembrini I, Lauria A, Pozzilli P. Is glucose control important for prevention of cardiovascular disease in diabetes? Diabetes Care 2013; 36(Supplement 2): S259-63.

Mertig IG. The nurse's guide to teaching diabetes self-management. New York: Springer Publisher, 2007.

Morris R, MCAlpine I, Didsburg LP, Spence MJ. A randomised controlled trial of a cognitive behavior therapy- based self- management intervention for irritable bowel syndrome in primary. Care Psychology Medicine 2011; 40(5): 85-94.

Rosenzweig S, Reibel DK, Greeson JM, Edman JS. Mindfulness-based stress reduction is associated with improved glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a pilot study. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine 2007;13(5):36-38.

Shah R, Subhan F. Olanzapine induced biochemical and histopathological changes after its chronic administration in rats. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal 2016;24(6):698-704.

Tovote KA, Fleer J, Snippe E, Peeters AC, Emmelkamp PM, Sanderman R, Links TP, Schroevers MJ. Individual mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and cognitive behavior therapy for treating depressive symptoms in patients with diabetes: results of a randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care 2014;37(9):2427-34.

UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) Group. Intensive blood-glucose control with sulphonylureas or insulin compared with conventional treatment and risk of complications in patients with type 2 diabetes (UKPDS 33). The Lancet 1998; 352(9131):837-53.

Van Son J, Nyklíček I, Pop VJ, Blonk MC, Erdtsieck RJ, Pouwer F. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for people with diabetes and emotional problems: long-term follow-up findings from the DiaMind randomized controlled trial. Journal of psychosomatic Research 2014;77(1):81-84.

Whitebird RR, Kreitzer MJ, O'Connor PJ. Mindfulness-based stress reduction and diabetes. Diabetes Spectrum 2009;22(4):226-30.

Woody SR, Chambless DL, Glass CR. Self-focused attention in the treatment of social phobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy 1997; 35(2):117-29.

Youngwanichsetha S, Phumdoung S, Ingkathawornwong T. The effects of mindfulness eating and yoga exercise on blood sugar levels of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus. Applied Nursing Research 2014; 27(4):227-30.


Supporting Agencies





| NeuroScience + QuantumPhysics> NeuroQuantology :: Copyright 2001-2018