DOI: 10.14704/nq.2018.16.5.1300

Cognitive Mechanism of Language Transfer: Brain Potential Data Analysis in English Comprehension

Lei Wang


This study examines the effects of the differences between the deep meaning of the native language and the target language on language transfer in the cognitive process of English understanding from the aspects of behavior and cranial nerves. The experimental results show that besides the approximations in linguistic typology that impacts the formation of the cognitive mechanism of foreign language learner in the target language, the deep meaning relationship between the native language and the target language is also an important factor affecting language transfer, which affects the formation of the cognitive mechanism of foreign language learners to the target language. Specifically, English errors with the same meaning as Chinese cause significant N400 effect, while the error sentences with different meaning from Chinese do not cause the same brain potential effect. This study, from the perspective of cognitive neuroscience, supports the interpretation of language transfer by cognitive theory.


EEG, Cognitive Mechanism, Language Transfer, Brain Potential, English Comprehension

Full Text:



Abu-Rabia S, Shakkour W, Siegel L. Cognitive retroactive transfer (CRT) of language skills among bilingual Arabic-English readers. Bilingual Research Journal 2013; 36(1): 61-81.

Aburabia S, Shakkour W. Cognitive retroactive transfer (crt) of language skills among trilingual arabic-hebrew and english learners. Open Journal of Modern Linguistics 2014; 4(1): 1-20.

Deng L. Cognitive theory of markedness and native language transfer. International Research in Education 2016; 4(1): 86-96.

Diao X. Cross language transfer of metalinguistic awareness: A meta-analytic structural equation model for chinese-english bilingual children. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research & Animal Science 2015; 39(3): 129-35.

Ito TA, Senholzi KB. Us versus them: Understanding the process of race perception with event-related brain potentials. Visual Cognition 2013; 21(9-10): 1096-120.

Jing GA. Cognitive Language Transfer from Shandong Varieties to English Phonological Acquisition. DEStech Transactions on Social Science, Education and Human Science, 2016(icssd).

Kim SI, Jeon KO, Son S. Effect of Caring for Potential Brain Death Organ Donors during the Organ Donation Process upon Physician Attitudes. The Journal of the Korean Society for Transplantation 2013; 27(3): 92-99.

Liu H, Wang ZN, Wang Y, Ye Y, Fang HH. The cognitive processing mechanism of the double object structure of Chinese language in brain: evidence from event-related potentials. Quarterly Journal of Chinese Studies 2014; 3(1): 26-32.

Michie PT, Budd TW, Fulham WR, Hughes ME, Jamadar S, Johnston P, Karayanidis F, Matthews N, Rasser PE, Schall U, Thompson PM. The potential for new understandings of normal and abnormal cognition by integration of neuroimaging and behavioral data: not an exercise in carrying coals to Newcastle. Brain Imaging and Behavior 2008; 2(4): 318-26.

Moghaddam AN, Araghi SM. Brain-based aspects of cognitive learning approaches in second language learning. English Language Teaching 2013; 6(5): 55-61.

Seer C, Fürkötter S, Vogts MB, Lange F, Abdulla S, Dengler R, Petri S, Kopp B. Executive dysfunctions and event-related brain potentials in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 2015; 7: 225-225.

Supporting Agencies

| NeuroScience + QuantumPhysics> NeuroQuantology :: Copyright 2001-2019