DOI: 10.14704/nq.2018.16.5.1348

Cognition, Emotion and Brain Mechanism: Neural Mechanism of Animation Cognition Based on Gender Difference

Qian Jiang, Li Ma, Saiyong Zhang


At present, since the era of development of cognitive neuroscience has begun, the researcher has started to explore the relationship between the cognitive development of animation, and the influence on the brain structure and features by MRI and other brain imaging techniques, so as to reveal the relationship among physiology, perception and emotion. Teenagers with different genders have different patterns of cognitive activity, and consequently the brain structure and the characteristics of its activity with gender differences when watching a cartoon have provided a significant inspiration. Based on the results of gender difference, age difference, data of ERP and traceability, the investigation of the article has begun with the contrast of semantic information represented by the animation with the information of cognition degree of “animation-picture”. It has come to conclusions as follows: 1) In the semantic exchange of an animation, the perception and judgement of the emotional relationship are more difficult than those of the context; 2) People with different genders have obvious cognitive differences, and hence the film editing, the field of shooting scale and the movement of camera will stimulate the visual areas in the brains of male and female with quite different active degrees. And also, the audiovisuals of a film might have a stimulating synergy to the brains of male and female; 3) In the transition of “animation-picture-semantics”, both of P300 and N400 will emerge, which explains that the judgement of the above two relations is realized through the spatial memory and the understanding of meanings; 4) On the basis of the mutuality and interaction between the emotion and the perception, the analysis tracking down the source has discovered that, the functional area of semantic comprehension is mainly located at the angular gyrus of inferior parietal lobule, that is, Area 39 and the back of gyrus frontalis inferior (Area 44 and 45), which are included within the scope of visual and motor speech areas.


Animation Cognition, Brain Mechanism, Gender Difference, EEG

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