DOI: 10.14704/nq.2018.16.6.1557

Brain Mechanism for the Feeling of Education Fairness Based on EEG

Fenghua Xu, Linyan Xue, Shipeng Zhang, Wei Zhang

Abstract


Fairness plays a very important driving role in the decision-making process of the human society and is also a basic principle for human life. At present, people’s feelings of being treated fairly and the corresponding impacts on their behaviours have received widespread attention from experts and scholars. Considering the individual differences, by using the resting-state fMRI method, this paper investigates the correlation between the internal connections in the brain regions and decision making behaviours related to the feeling of unfairness under the influences of different educational statuses. According to the investigation results, compared with the proponents who receive better education, the subjects were more likely to accept the unfair distribution proposed by those in poorer educational statuses and give better ratings on the unfair distribution. When the proponents in better education status proposed unfair distribution, there were negative correlations between the rejection rate and the functional connectivity of the right mPFC and DLPFC and between the fairness score and the functional connectivity of the left mPFC and the right thalamus. In the resting state, the functional connectivity between the mPFC and the thalamus and DLPFC can help predict individuals’ different decision-making processes on the feeling of unfairness.

Keywords


Education Status, Sense of Unfairness, Brain Mechanism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aleshin AE, Zeng C, Bourenkov GP, Bartunik HD, Fromm HJ, Honzatko RB. The mechanism of regulation of hexokinase: new insights from the crystal structure of recombinant human brain hexokinase complexed with glucose and glucose-6-phosphate. Structure 1998; 6(1): 39- 50.

Andersson B, Eriksson L. Conjoint action of sodium and angiotensin on brain mechanisms controlling water and salt balances. Acta Physiologica 1971; 81(1): 18-29.

Annunziata P. Blood-brain barrier changes during invasion of the central nervous system by hiv-1. old and new insights into the mechanism. Journal of Neurology 2003; 250(8): 901-06.

Dejda A, Seaborn T, Bourgault S, Touzani O, Fournier A, Vaudry H. Pacap and a novel stable analog protect rat brain from ischemia: insight into the mechanisms of action. Peptides 2011; 32(6): 1207-16.

Farhat NH. Corticonic models of brain mechanisms underlying cognition and intelligence. Physics of Life Reviews 2007; 4(4): 223-52.

Geerligs L, Saliasi E, Maurits NM, Renken RJ, Lorist MM. Brain mechanisms underlying the effects of aging on different aspects of selective attention. Neuroimage 2014; 91(2): 52-62.

Johnston MV, Silverstein FS. New insights into mechanisms of neuronal damage in the developing brain. Pediatric Neurosurgery 1995; 12(2): 87-89.

Kaiser MD, Yang DYJ, Voos AC, Bennett RH, Gordon I, Pretzsch C. Brain mechanisms for processing affective (and nonaffective) touch are atypical in autism. Cerebral Cortex 2016; 26(6): 2705-14.

Lichtneckert R, Reichert H. Insights into the urbilaterian brain: conserved genetic patterning mechanisms in insect and vertebrate brain development. Heredity 2005; 94(5): 465-77.

Maki PM, Dumas J. Mechanisms of action of estrogen in the brain: insights from human neuroimaging and psychopharmacologic studies. Seminars in Reproductive Medicine 2009; 27(3): 250-59.

Mills E, Dong XP, Wang F, Xu H. Mechanisms of brain iron transport: insight into neurodegeneration and CNS disorders. Future Medicinal Chemistry 2010; 2(1): 51-64.

Nakagawa A, Manley GT, Gean AD, Ohtani K, Armonda R, Tsukamoto A. Mechanisms of primary blast-induced traumatic brain injury: insights from shock-wave research. Journal of Neurotrauma 2011; 28(6): 1101-19.

Naskar S, Sood SK, Goyal V, Dhara M. Retracted: Mechanism (s) of deep brain stimulation and insights into cognitive outcomes in Parkinson's disease. Brain Research Reviews 2010; 65(1):1-3.

Pappius HM. Brain injury: new insights into neurotransmitter and receptor mechanisms. Neurochemical Research 1991; 16(9): 941-49.

Qiu J, Li H, Luo Y, Chen A, Zhang F, Zhang J. Brain mechanism of cognitive conflict in a guessing Chinese logogriph task. Neuroreport 2006; 17(6): 679-82.

Snyder SH, Enna SJ, Young AB. Brain mechanisms associated with therapeutic actions of benzodiazepines: focus on neurotransmitters. American Journal of Psychiatry 1977; 134(6): 662-65.

Tangpong J, Cole MP, Sultana R, Estus S, Vore M, St CW. Adriamycin-mediated nitration of manganese superoxide dismutase in the central nervous system: insight into the mechanism of chemobrain. Journal of Neurochemistry 2007; 100(1): 191-201.

Wadsworth HM, Kana RK. Brain mechanisms of perceiving tools and imagining tool use acts: a functional MRI study. Neuropsychologia 2011; 49(7): 1863-69.


Supporting Agencies





| NeuroScience + QuantumPhysics> NeuroQuantology :: Copyright 2001-2018