DOI: 10.14704/nq.2018.16.6.1559

Influence of Social Factors on the Group Belongingness of Residents in Small Towns and Its Underlying Neural Base

Lili Dong, Wei Wang


Group belongingness is an emotion that individuals consciously belong to a participating group, which is usually influenced by social factors. Cultivation and development of residents' belongingness is an important factor affecting the sustainable development of small towns. According to the results of the field investigation, we analyze the correlation with the sense of group belonging from the aspects of neighborhood relations, organization construction, cultural construction and mass participation. At the same time, we find that the residents' sense of belonging of the small towns is generally in a low level. A low sense of belonging can lead to changes in the residents’ psychological state, manifested as anxiety, depression, loneliness, or even disgust, and the changes involved in the neural basis mainly occur in regions such as the amygdala, prefrontal lobe, cingulate gyrus, and temporo-parietal junction. The research on the social factors that affect the sense of belonging of residents and the discussion on the neural basis will help reveal the intricate connections between different aspects and fully display the internal and external factors and their interactions, so as to effectively guide the spiritual development of small cities and towns.


Group Belongingness, Social Factors, Neural Base

Full Text:



Bishop SJ. Neurocognitive mechanisms of anxiety: an integrative account. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2007; 11(7): 307-16.

Cacioppo JT, Norris CJ, Decety J, Monteleone G, Nusbaum H. In the eye of the beholder: individual differences in perceived social isolation predict regional brain activation to social stimuli. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 2009; 21(1): 83-92.

Caseras X, Mataix-Cols D, An SK, Lawrence NS, Speckens A, Giampietro V, Brammer MJ, Phillips ML. Sex differences in neural responses to disgusting visual stimuli: implications for disgust-related psychiatric disorders. Biological Psychiatry 2007; 5(62): 464-71.

Cheng Q. The Construction Research of Small Town’s Cutural: Take the Town of XianRen Du as an Example. Pioneering with Science & Technology Monthly 2012; 6: 154-56.

Du ZB, Su Q, Jiang L. A Structural Model of Residents’Sense of Community in Rural Tourism Destinations and Its Application: A Case Study of Anji County in Zhejiang Province. Tourism Tribune 2013; 28(6): 65-74.

Du ZB, Su Q. Influence of Sense of Community on Community Involvement in Rural Tourism Destination: A Case Study of Anji County in Zhejiang Province. Tourism Science 2013; 27(3): 61-71.

Duan HY. Research on Collaboration in Innovative Methods of Manufacturing Innovation Chain. Revista Iberica de Sistemas e Tecnologias de Informacao 2016; E11: 292-303.

Eisenberger NI, Lieberman MD, Williams KD. Does rejection hurt? An FMRI study of social exclusion. Science 2003; 5643(302): 290-92.

Kasarda JD, Janowitz M. Community attachment in mass society. American Sociological Review 1974; 39(3): 328-39.

Kim MJ, Gee DG, Loucks RA, Davis FC, Whalen PJ. Anxiety dissociates dorsal and ventral medial prefrontal cortex functional connectivity with the amygdala at rest. Cerebral Cortex 2011; 21(7): 1667-73.

Li SG. The study of the sense of community belonging for residents in new small town: Taking hunan liuyang dayao new town for example, M.S. thesis, Dep. Sociology, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China 2013: 1-11.

Liu JQ, Cui YT. Recent research on the brain structure and functional changes in depression. China Journal of Health Psychology 2007; 15(5): 468-70.

Luo JY. Research progress in neural correlates of emotion and mood disorder. Military Medical Science 2011; 35(9): 641-45.

Mitchell JP. Contributions of functional neuroimaging to the study of social cognition. Current Directions in Psychological Science 2010; 17(2): 142-46.

Moll J, De OR, Moll FT, Ignácio FA, Bramati IE, Caparelli-Dáquer EM. The moral affiliations of disgust: a functional mri study. Cognitive & Behavioral Neurology Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral & Cognitive Neurology 2005; 1(18): 68-70.

Qi H, Wang XL. Discussion on the integration of urban community from the neighborhood relation of urban farmers and families. Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University (Social Sciences Edition) 1999; 1: 36-40.

Sanfey AG, Rilling JK, Aronson JA, Nystrom LE, Cohen JD. The neural basis of economic decision-making in the ultimatum game. Science 2003; 5626(300): 1755-58.

Wang SS. The Effect of disgust on moral behaviors and its psychological mechanism. M.S. thesis, Dep. Applied Psychology, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin, China 2017; 1-8.

Zhang PH, Cheng L. A randomized controlled trial of a neurofeedback-based training for improvement in social phobia disorder. NeuroQuantology 2017; 15(4): 133-38.

Supporting Agencies

| NeuroScience + QuantumPhysics> NeuroQuantology :: Copyright 2001-2017