DOI: 10.14704/nq.2008.6.1.158

A Young and Famous Scientist at Dardanelles War: Henry Gwyn Jeffreys Moseley (1887-1915)

Mehmet E Ozel

Abstract


British experimental physicist Henry Moseley, born in Weymounth-Dorset in 1887, came from a distinguished family of scientist. He is most famous to achieve the first experimental identification of the atomic number and nuclear charge of an element, Z. This enabled scientists to put the periodic table of elements into the correct footing and understanding. He predicted 4 new elements missing in the Table and also, changed some to their correct positions.
He studied Physics (Natural Philosophy) at Oxford University and graduated from there in 1910. He had a chance to listen to Prof Ernest Rutherford in a seminer when he was visiting Oxford. After graduation, he joined Prof. Ernest Rutherford at University of Manchester He started to work on natural radiocativity, on beta emission from radium. Later, he moved to Cambridge to study x-ray spectra of atoms, by using the newly developed technique called x-ray diffraction.

Keywords


Henry Gwyn Jeffreys Moseley, Periodic Table, x-ray, Gallipoli,

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