DOI: 10.14704/nq.2018.16.6.1582

Regional Energy Consumption Differences and Neural Mechanism of Environmental Risk Decision Making in China

Yixin Xing

Abstract


The environmental crisis caused by excessive energy consumption is the main problem that restricts current social development. When facing environmental risks, people’s risk decision is deeply influenced by cognitive neural mechanism. This paper measured the conventional energy consumption differences of three regions in China and its evolving trends from 1996 to 2015 with the GDP-weighted Theil Index. The results show that in the two decades, the overall difference in Chinese conventional energy consumption decreased annually, and the economic development level and conventional energy consumption evolved in the same direction. Specifically, the overall difference in regional conventional energy consumption in China mainly comes from inter-regional differences. As for the intra-regional differences, under the weight of GDP, it mainly results from internal differences in the eastern region, while under the population weight, the western region surpasses the central and eastern regions to be the largest contributor to the intra-regional differences. In the face of energy and environmental risks, people’s risk decisions are closely linked to cognitive neural mechanisms, which are based on the cerebral cortex and amygdala.

Keywords


Conventional Energy Consumption, Theil Index, Regional Differences, Cognitive Neural Mechanism

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