DOI: 10.14704/nq.2018.16.6.1618

A Comparative Study of the Brain Mechanism of Metaphor between Chinese and English

Feng Lu

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to reveal the unique law and mechanism of Chinese metaphorical processing. This study adopts Event-Related Potential (ERP) to further explore the mechanism of metaphorical processing in Chinese brains by using cognitive linguistic experimental paradigm and three kinds of grammatical structures, such as sentences, idioms and phrases. ERP method has been widely used in the research of brain cognitive function in recent years with the advantage of high time resolution. We can capture the changes of ERP waves of millisecond level by using ERP recorder. From the statistical analysis of SPSS, the average accuracy of metaphor is more than 90%, and the average accuracy of non-metaphor is more than 90% too. It is found that metaphorical processing is not only performed in any hemisphere, but also presents the dynamic distribution from left brain to right brain according to the standard level and semantic distance.

Keywords


Metaphorical Brain Mechanism, Chinese-English Bilingual, ERP

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullaev YG, Posner MI. Time Course of Activating Brain Areas in Generating Verbal Associations. Psychological Science 2010; 8(1): 56-59.

Brownell HH, Simpson TL, Bihrle AM, Potter HH, Gardner H. Appreciation of metaphoric alternative word meanings by left and right brain-damaged patients. Neuropsychologia 1990; 28(4): 375-83.

Glucksberg S and Keysar B. Understanding metaphorical comparisons: Beyond similarity. Psychological Review 1990; 97(1): 3-18.

Kaplan JA, Brownell HH, Jacobs JR, Gardner H. The effects of right hemisphere damage on the pragmatic interpretation of conversational remarks. Brain & Language 1990; 38(2): 315-33.

Nakagawa A. Role of anterior and posterior attention networks in hemispheric asymmetries during lexical decisions. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 1991; 3(4): 313-21.

Parry C. Typhoid fever and cholera. Medicine 2005; 33(7): 34-36.

Tang Y, Zhang W, Ma L, Weng X, Li D, He H, Jia F. The laterality of brain function in silent reading of Chinese words revealed by fMRI. Acta Psychologica Sinica 2002;34(04):3-7.

Yang B, Xu ST. The functional characteristic of the hemispheres for recognizing Chinese characters and English words in subjects with different native language. Acta Psychologica Sinica 1989; 21(2): 70-74.


Supporting Agencies





| NeuroScience + QuantumPhysics> NeuroQuantology :: Copyright 2001-2018