DOI: 10.14704/nq.2018.16.11.1865

A Physical Biology, the Electron Neutrino Mass, and the role of Quantum Mechanics in Nature

Maurice Goodman


In science we need to remove physics and earth science from the fundamental natural sciences and treat Biology as a fundamental natural (physical) science. Attempts to keep Biology autonomous because it is holistic, from the physical sciences, are just disguised anthropocentrism. Physical sciences have holistic features also. The autonomy of Biology is at odds with a holistic, integrated science and is preventing progress in science. For example, every cell needs a ‘global’ communication system to keep order and stability with rapid information transfer across cellular scales. We have yet to figure out how this is achieved. Over the last 30 years, we have understood that quantum mechanics is about information, mostly. However, we do not have a clear understanding of the physical significance of quantum mechanics in nature. Also, the view that quantum mechanics is restricted to the atomic and molecular scale is mistaken and a direct result of the mass of the electron being so big. In 1988 the mass of the electron neutrino was predicted to lie between 0.5 and 0.05 eV/c2 and to have a key role in Biology. This would allow quantum mechanical processes on a cellular and intercellular scale and provide a possible basis for a ‘global’ information system in the cell and an understanding of the information role of quantum mechanics in nature. Recent non-results, on the electron neutrino mass, from the KATRIN experiment are pushing the upper limit of the electron neutrino mass to less than 0.5 eV/c2 making the prediction of 30 years ago more likely.


Natural Science;Holism; Biological cell;Quantum communication;Quantum information;Electron neutrino.

Full Text:



Amsler C, Doser M, Antonelli M, Asner DM, Babu KS, Baer H, Band HR, Barnett RM, Bergren E, Beringer J, Bernardi G. Review of particle physics. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics 2008; 667(1-5): 1-6.

Ayala FA. Biology as an autonomous science. American Scientist 1968; 56: 207-21.

Ayala FJ. Evolution and the Autonomy of Biology. AQUINAS-ROME 2000; 43(2): 283-312.

Coles PJ, Kaniewski J, Wehner S. Equivalence of wave–particle duality to entropic uncertainty. Nature Communications 2014; 5: 5814.

Drexlin G, Hannen V, Mertens S, Weinheimer C. Current direct neutrino mass experiments. Advances in High Energy Physics 2013;2013: 21.

Fuchs CA. Quantum mechanics as quantum information, mostly. Journal of Modern Optics 2003; 50(6-7): 987-1023.

Goobar A, Hannestad S, Mörtsell E, Tu H. The neutrino mass bound from WMAP 3 year data, the baryon acoustic peak, the SNLS supernovae and the Lyman-α forest. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics 2006; 2006(06): 019.

Goodman M. Key self-organising systems. Proceedings of the 1st ICASSE 1994; 94: 118-25.

Goodman M. Toward linking material self-organization and the weak force. Speculations in Science and Technology 1997;2 0(1): 33-44.

Goodman M. A quantum theory of consciousness may require a paradigm shift in biology. Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research 2015; 6(1): 1-9.

Goodman M. Suppressed intuitions, large number coincidences, and a mathematical foundation for life and consciousness. NeuroQuantology 2016 Jan 6;14(1): 62-67.

Goodman M. The mainstream scientific community is open to incremental but not holistic ideas. Neuroquantology 2017; 15(2): 215-16.

Kahneman D. Thinking, Fast and Slow. Oxford: Penguin, 2012: 85-88.

Loewenstein W. The Touchstone of Life. Oxford: Penguin, 1999: 400-06.

Mayr E. What makes Biology unique? Cambridge: University Press, 2004: 21-38.

Shanta BN, Muni BV. Why biology is beyond physical sciences?. Advances in Life Sciences 2016; 6: (1): 13-30.

Shtulman A, Valcarcel J. Scientific knowledge suppresses but does not supplant earlier intuitions. Cognition 2012; 124(2): 209-15.

Tarlacı S. A historical view of the relation between quantum mechanics and the brain: a NeuroQuantologic perspective. NeuroQuantology 2010a; 8(2): 120-36.

Tarlacı S. Why we need quantum physics for cognitive neuroscience. NeuroQuantology 2010b; 8(1): 66-76.

Supporting Agencies


| NeuroScience + QuantumPhysics> NeuroQuantology :: Copyright 2001-2018