Towards a Theory of Everything Part I: Introduction of Consciousness in Electromagnetic Theory, Special and General Theory of Relativity
Theory of everything must include consciousness. In this article, we focus on introducing the subjective experience (SE) aspect of consciousness in classical physics, such as electromagnetic theory, special and general theory of relativity by showing that these theories remain invariant under the PE-SE transformation (similar to gauge transformation), where PEs (proto-experiences) are precursors of SEs. In Vimal (J Integrative Neuroscience, 2008: 7(1), 49-73), it was hypothesized that fundamental entities (strings or elementary particles: fermions and bosons) have two aspects: (i) material aspect such as mass, charge, spin, and space-time, and (ii) mental aspect, such as experiences. There are three competing hypotheses: superposition based H1, superposition-then-integration based H2, and integration based H3 where superposition is not required. In H1, the fundamental entities and inert matter are the carriers of superimposed fundamental SEs/PEs. When a specific stimulus is presented to the neural-net, the associated specific SE is selected by the matching and selection process and experienced by this net. In H2, the fundamental entities and inert matter are the carriers of superimposed fundamental PEs (not SEs), which are integrated by neural-Darwinism (co-evolution, co-development, and sensorimotor co-tuning by the evolutionary process of adaptation and natural selection). Since they are carriers of SEs/PEs, inert matters behave as if they are non-experiential entities and physics must remain invariant with the introduction of the SE aspect of consciousness. This prediction is tested in a series of three articles. However, in H3, a string has its own string-PE; a matter is not a carrier of PE(s) in superposed form as it is in H2, rather matter is a proto-experiential entity and has two aspects at every level; H3 is a dual-aspect panpsychism. These two aspects are rigorously integrated together by neural-Darwinism. One could argue for H3 that the PE keeps on transforming appropriately as matter evolves from elementary particles to atoms to molecules to eventually neural-networks. In hypotheses H2 and H3, a specific SE emerges in a neural-net from the interaction of feed-forward stimulus-dependent neural signals and fronto-parietal feedback attentional signals. In all hypotheses, SEs occur when essential ingredients of SEs (such as wakefulness, attention, re-entry, working memory, stimulus at or above threshold level, and neural-net-PEs) are satisfied. In this Part I of the series of 3 articles, we found that the followings, in classical physics, are invariant under the PE-SE transformation: electromagnetic strength tensor, electromagnetic stress-energy tensor, the electromagnetic theory (Maxwell's equations), Newtonian gravitational field, the entropic force, Special and General Theory of Relativity. Our analysis suggests that (i) SEs are embedded in spacetime geometry for the structure of spacetime (empty space or the vacuum without matter). (ii) For matter field, SEs can move with spatiotemporal coordinates of matter because it is in the mental aspect of matter as both mental and material aspects are always together in the dual-aspect-dual-mode optimal PE-SE framework. (iii) Our specific SE is the of matching and selection processes and can change with space and time. For example, experiencing redness has neural correlates of V4/V8/VO-red-green neural-net with redness-state. When a subject moves, the specific SE redness also moves with the subject’s correlated neural-net. In addition, SEs can change with time as stimuli change. In other words, SEs in a subject change with spacetime. We concluded that it is possible to introduce the SE aspect of consciousness in classical physics. In Part II (Vimal, 2010b) and Part III (Vimal, 2010c), the SE aspect of consciousness will be introduced in orthodox quantum physics and modern quantum physics (such as loop quantum gravity and string theory), respectively. Thus, the introduction of the SE aspect of consciousness in physics leads us to unify consciousness with known four fundamental forces, which entails towards a theory of everything.
Theory of everything, proto-experiences (PEs) and subjective experiences (SEs) aspect of consciousness, superposition and elementary particles, dual-aspect model, PE-SE transformations, classical physics, electromagnetic theory and Maxwell's equations
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