DOI: 10.14704/nq.2013.11.1.648

Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Theory, Mesoscopic Anthropic Principle and Biological Evolution

Alexander Yu Kamenshchik, Oleg V. Teryaev


We suggest to combine the Anthropic Principle with the Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Theory. Realizing the multiplicity of worlds it provides an opportunity of explanation of some important events which are assumed to be extremely improbable. The Mesoscopic Anthropic Principle suggested here is aimed to explain appearance of such events which are necessary for emergence of Life and Mind. It is complementary to the Cosmological Anthropic Principle explaining the fine tuning of fundamental constants. We briefly discuss various possible applications of the Mesoscopic Anthropic Principle including the Solar Eclipses and assembling of complex molecules. Besides, we address the problem of Time's Arrow in the framework of the Many-Worlds Interpretation. We suggest the recipe for disentangling of quantities defined by fundamental physical laws and by an anthropic selection. The main emphasis is made on the problem of the biological evolution.

NeuroQuantology | March 2013 | Volume 11 | Issue 1| Suppl 1 | Page 129-148


many-worlds interpretation; mesoscopic anthropic principle; biological evolution

Full Text:



Albrecht A. Investigating decoherence in a simple system. Phys Rev D 1992; 46: 5504-5520.

Artru X, Elchikh M, Richard J-M, Soffer J and Teryaev O. Spin observables and spin structure functions: inequalities and dynamics. Phys Rept 2009; 470: 1-92.

Barrow JD and Tipler FJ. The Anthropic Cosmological Principle. Oxford University Press 1988.

Barvinsky AO, Kamenshchik AY and Ponomariov VN. Fundamental Questions of the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, A Modern Approach. Publishing House of the Moscow Pedagogical University 1988.

Barvinsky AO, Kamenshchik AY and Ponomariov VN. Anthropic Principle and Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. In Proceedings of the International Seminar “Anthropic Principle in the Structure of Scientific Picture of the World”, November 28-30, 1989, Leningrad, 48-50.

Barvinsky AO and Kamenshchik AY. Preferred basis in the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics and quantum cosmology. Class Quantum Grav 1990; 7: 2285-2293.

Barvinsky AO and Kamenshchik AY. Preferred basis in quantum theory and the problem of classicalization of the quantum Universe. Phys Rev D 1995a; 52: 743-757.

Barvinsky AO and Kamenshchik AY. Preferred basis in the many-worlds interpretation in quantum theory and the symmetries of the system. Grav Cosmol 1995b; 1: 261-265.

Barvinsky AO and Kamenshchik AY. Cosmological landscape from nothing: Some like it hot. JCAP 2006a; 0609: 014.

Barvinsky AO and Kamenshchik AY. Thermodynamics via Creation from Nothing: Limiting the Cosmological Constant Landscape. Phys Rev D 2006b; 74: 121502(R).

Ben Dov Y. An observer decomposition for Everett's theory. Found Phys Lett 1990; 3: 383-387.

Bioy Casares A. La trama celeste. Sur, Buenos Aires 1940.

Blokhintsev DI. The Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg 2010.

Bohm D and Hiley BJ. The undivided universe : an ontological interpretation of quantum theory. Routledgge, London 1993.

Bohr N. Atomic physics and human knowledge. John Wiley and Sons, New York 1958.

Borges JL. El jardin de senderos que se bifurcan. Sur, Buenos Aires 1941.

Born M. Zur Quantenmechanik der Stoß vorgänge. Zeit Phys 1926; 37(12): 863-867.

Born M. Physics in my generation : a selection of papers. Pergamon Press, London 1956.

Byrne P. The Many Worlds of Hugh Everett III: Multiple Universes, Mutual Assured Destruction, and the Meltdown of a Nuclear Family, Oxford University Press 2010.

Carter B. Large Numbers in Astrophysics and Cosmology. Paper presented at Clifford Centennial Meeting, Princeton 1970.

Chernavsky D.S., Synergetics and Information, Moscow 2009.

Dawkins R., The Extended Phenotype. Oxford University Press 1982.

Dawkins R. Climbing Mount Improbable. Penguin, London 1996.

Dawkins R., The God delusion. Penguin, London 2009.

Deutsch D. Quantum theory as a universal physical theory. Int J Theor Phys 1985; 24: 1-41.

DeWitt BS. Quantum mechanics and reality. Physics Today 1970; 23 (9): 30-35.

DeWitt BS and Graham N (Eds.). The Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. Princeton University Press 1973.

Dicke RH. Dirac's Cosmology and Mach's Principle. Nature 1961; 192: 440-441.

Dieks D. Resolution of the measurement problem through decoherence of the quantum state. Phys Lett A 1989; 142: 439-446.

Dirac PAM. The cosmological constant. Nature 1937; 139: 323.

Dirac PAM. New basis for cosmology. Proc R Soc A 1938; 165: 199-208.

Efremov AV and Teryaev OV. On High P(T) Vector Mesons Spin Alignment. Sov J Nucl Phys 1982; 36: 557.

Everett H. Relative-state formulation of quantum mechanics. Rev Mod Phys 1957; 29: 454-462.

Fedotov GP. Rozhdenie svobody. Novyj zhurnal, New York 1944; 8: 198-218.

Finkelstein D. The logic of quantum physics. Trans. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1963; 25: 621-637.

Garriga J, Linde A and Vilenkin A. Dark energy equation of state and anthropic selection. Phys Rev D 2004; 69: 063521.

Garriga J, Schwartz-Perlov D, Vilenkin A and Winitzki S. Probabilities in the inflationary multiverse. JCAP 2006; 0601: 017.

Giulini D, Joos E, Kiefer C, Kupsch J, Stamatescu I-O and Zeh HD. Decoherence and the Appearence of a Classical World in Quantum Theory. Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg 1996.

Gonzalez G. and Richards JW. The Privileged Planet. Regnery Publishing, Washington D.C. 2004.

Gould SJ. Life's Grandeur: The Spread of Excellence from Plato to Darwin. Trafalgar Square, Cape 1996.

Graham RN. The measurement of relative frequency. In DeWitt and Graham (Eds.) 1973: 229-252.

Hawking S. Is the End in Sight for Theoretical Physics? In Black Holes and Baby Universes and other essays. Bantam Press, London 1993.

Hartle J. Quantum Mechanics of Individual Systems. Amer. J. Phys. 1968; 36(8): 704-712.

Heisenberg W. Über den anschauliehen Inhalt der quantentheorischen Kinemaitik und Mechanik. Zeit. Phys. 1927; 43: 172-198.

Heisenberg W. Physics and Philosophy: The Revolution in Modern Science. Harper and Brothers, New York 1958.

Ivnev R. Vladivostokskij starik. Moscow 1927.

Jammer M. The philosophy of quantum mechanics : the interpretations of quantum mechanics in historical perspective. John Wiley and Sons, New York 1974.

Josephson BD and Pallicari-Viras F. Biological Utilisation of Quantum NonLocality. Found Phys 1991; 21: 197-207.

Kamenshchik AY and Teryaev OV. Many-worlds interpretation of quantum theory and mesoscopic anthropic principle. Concepts of Physics 2008; V(4): 575-592. arXiv:0705.2494 [quant-ph].

Koestler A. The Roots of Coincidence. Random House, New York 1972.

Leakey R. The Origin of Humankind Basic Books, New York 1994.

Lem S. Repetycja. Tygodnik Powszechny 2010, No 34.

Lovelock, J. Vanishing face of Gaia, Penguib Books, 2010, p. 111.

Linde AD. Particle Physics and Inflationary Cosmology. Harwood, Chur, Switzerland 1990.

Markov A., The Birth of Complexity, Moscow,2010 (in Russian).

Markov MA and Mukhanov VF. Classical preferable basis in quantum mechanics. Phys Lett A 1988; 127: 251-254.

McFadden J and Al-Khalili J. A quantum mechanical model of adaptive mutation. BioSystems 1999; 50: 203-211.

McFadden J. Quantum Evolution. W. W. Norton and Company, New York 2001.

Mensky MB. Postcorrection and mathematical model of life in Extended Everett's Concept. NeuroQuantology 2007a; 5(4): 363-376.

Mensky MB. Quantum measurement, the phenomenon of life, and time arrow: Three great problems of physics (in Ginzburg's terminology) and their interpretation. Phys Usp 2007b; 50: 397-407.

Mensky MB. Consciousness and Quantum Mechanics: Life in Parallel Worlds (Miracles of Consciousness from quantum Mechanics). World Scientific, Singapore 2010.

Mensky MB. Mathematical Models of Subjective Preferences in Quantum Concept of Consciousness. NeuroQuantology 2011; 9(4): 614-620.

Mensky MB. Synchronicities of Carl Jung Interpreted in Quantum Concept of Consciousness. NeuroQuantology 2012; 10: 468-481.

von Mises R. Mathematical Theory of Probability and Statistics, Academic Press, New York 1964.

Muller B. The anthropic principle revisited. astro-ph/ 0108259 2001.

von Neumann J. Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics. Princeton University Press 1955.

Nielsen MA and Huang IL. Quantum Computation and Quantum Information. Cambridge University Press 2000.

Pogosian L, Vilenkin A and Tegmark M. Anthropic predictions for vacuum energy and neutrino masses. JCAP 2004; 0407: 005.

Panov AD. Probabilistic interpretation of anthropic principle and Multiverse: in Modern cosmology: Philosophical horizons, Moscow, 2011, p.270-293 (In Russian).

Panov D. Quanta, Computations, and Extended Everett Concept. NeuroQuantology 2013; 11: 116-122.

Pohl F. The Coming of the Quantum Cats. Bantam Books, New York 1986.

Popper KR. The propensity interpretation of probability. The Brit. J. Phil. Soc. 1959; 10 (37): 25-42.

Prigogine I. From being to becoming: time and complexity in the physical sciences. Freeman and co. San Francisco 1980.

Rozental IL. Physical laws and numerical values of fundamental constants. Sov Phys Usp 1980; 23: 296-305.

Rozental IL. How Particles and Fields Drive Cosmic Evolution. Springer, Berlin 1988.

Rozental IL. Elementary particles and cosmology (metagalaxy and universe). Phys Usp 1997; 40: 763-772.

Rubakov VA. Talk at XXXIII International conference on high energy physics, Moscow, July 26 - August 2, 2006.

Schrödinger E. Discussion of probability relations between separated systems. Proc Cambridge Philos Soc 1935; 31: 555-563.

Schrödinger E. Probability relations between separated systems. Proc Cambridge Philos Soc 1936; 32: 446-452.

Shimony A. Degree of entanglement. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1995; 755 : 675.

Shklovsky IS and Sagan C. Intelligent Life in the Universe. Holden-Day, San Francisco 1968.

Smolin L. Life of the Cosmos. Oxford University Press 1998.

Susskind L. The Anthropic landscape of string theory. arXiv: hep-th/0302219 2003.

Taleb NN. The Black Swan. Random House, New York 2007.

Teryaev OV. T odd effects in QCD. RIKEN Rev 2000; 28: 101-104.

Teryaev OV. The irreversibility of QCD evolution equations. Phys Part Nucl 2005; 36: S160-S163.

Vilenkin A. Many Worlds in One. The Search for Other Universes. MacMillan, New York 2006.

Vilenkin A. Private communication 2010.

Weinberg S. Living in the multiverse. arXiv: hep-th/0511037 2005.

Zaslavsky GM. Chaos, fractional kinetics, and anomalous transport. Phys Rept 2002; 371: 461-580.

Zeh HD. The Role of the Observer in the Everett Interpretation. NeuroQuantology 2013; 11:97-105.

Zeh HD. On the Interpretation of Measurement in Quantum Theory. Found Phys 1970; 1: 69-76.

Zeh HD. Towards a quantum theory of observation. Found Phys 1973; 3: 109-116.

Zurek WH. Pointer basis of quantum apparatus: Into what mixture does the wave packet collapse ? Phys. Rev. D 1981; 24: 1516-1525.

Zurek WH. Environment-induced superselection rules. Phys. Rev. D 1982; 26: 1862-1880.

Supporting Agencies

The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

| NeuroScience + QuantumPhysics> NeuroQuantology :: Copyright 2001-2017