DOI: 10.14704/nq.2016.14.1.855

A Short Introduction To System Theory: Indispensible Postulate Systems and Basic Structures of the Systems in Quantum Physics, Biology And Neuroscience

Umit Sayin

Abstract


Constructing a System Theory (ST) is a method to establish a logical, mathematical, self-consistent, self-existing, coherent model to explain the interactions of the elements, functions and development of a closed or open system. System Theory (ST) is very important to define, organize, evaluate, control, regulate the systems and form mathematical models in a set of elements of that particular system. General Systems Theory (GST) is a name which has been adopted to describe a level of theoretical model-building which lies somewhere between the highly generalized constructions of pure mathematics & logic and the specific theories of the specialized disciplines. An ST can be universal, perfect, imperfect or defective; while the defective STs cannot survive. GST is a series of related definitions, assumptions, and postulates about all levels of systems from atomic particles through atoms, molecules, crystals, viruses, cells, organs, individuals, small groups, companies, societies, planets, solar systems, and galaxies. General Behavior ST is a subcategory of such a theory, dealing with living systems, extending roughly from viruses through societies. A significant fact about living things is that they are open systems, with important inputs and outputs. Laws which apply to them differ from those applying to relatively closed systems.

Keywords


System Theory; General System Theory; Neuroscience; Brain; Open System; Closed System; Scientific Model; Social System Model

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Supporting Agencies

İstanbul University (BAP, Bilimsel Araştırma ve Proje Birimi)



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