DOI: 10.14704/nq.2016.14.2.938

Using Aikido and Transpersonal Psychology Concepts as Tools for Reconciling Conflict: Focus on Aikido and Related Martial Arts, Such as Hapkido

Harris L. Friedman


Aikido, and related martial arts, such as Hapkido, offer insights for reconciling conflict at intrapersonal, interpersonal, organizational, and global levels. How these operate can be understood scientifically using psychological concepts, especially from transpersonal and transcultural psychology. Some basic approaches for applying these principles are explained, and case examples of their application across different levels for reconciling conflict are provided.


Aikido; conflict; Hapkido; reconciliation; transpersonal; transcultural

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Supporting Agencies

This article was adapted and expanded from the following book chapter: Friedman, H. (2015). Using Aikido and transpersonal psychology concepts as tools for reconciling conflict. In W. Wagner (Ed.), Ai-Ki-Dô: The trinity of conflict transformation (pp. 115

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