Volume 20 No 22 (2022)
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“PROTECTION OF MARINE HEALTH TO BOOST BLUE ECONOMY - AN IMMINENT MEASURE FOR EQUITABLE EXISTENCE OF LIFE IN OCEAN AND ON LAND”
Dr. Madhuri Irene, Dr. Pratishtha Yadav , Avatar Chaubey, Shashank Shekhar Singh
Abstract
As the epical anecdote says when angry Rama positioned his ‘Agni Arrow’ to dry up the ocean, the Sagar King surrendered before Rama to facilitate Ramsetu. Today our perverted human intellect has polluted and poisoned the oceanic life to satiate its cruel greed for no reason, and the impact of climate change on oceans is found to be catastrophic. The majority of human population gropes in darkness to realize the vitality of marine wealth and health and the global community is just initiating action to protect and preserve the fabulous material wealth, the strength of plant and animals in oceanic waters. The perpetual population growth and unbridled and uneven economic development resulted in increase of anthropogenic activities on land leading to degradation of oceanic eco system. There is a need to resort to “ridge to reef” of “source to sea” approach linking terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems. A high-level panel of world leaders have formulated an ‘Ocean Action Agenda’ to ensure that all EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zones) are sustainably managed by 2030. This Action Agenda hopes to (i) produce 6 times more food from the ocean, (ii) generate 40 times more renewable energy and (iii) to contribute one-fifth of the GHG emissions reductions to stay within 1.5 degree Celsius. As stated by the Prime Minister of Norway the humanity’s wellbeing is deeply intertwined with the health of the oceans. This write up intends to emphasize on the significance of Blue Economy as a part of national and global economy.
Keywords
Blue Economy, Exclusive Economic Zones, Law of Sea, Oceans, Greenhouse gas
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