Volume 20 No 12 (2022)
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Assessment of varied parameters of Avifauna diversity in Southern landscape of Kashmir valley, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Mushtaq Ahmed Rather, Dr.Reetu Bhanot , Taviqeer Un Nisa
The study was conducted in Southern landscape of Kashmir valley, India .During the current study in the selected transects spanning over a period of one year (August 2021to July 2022), n= 49 species of birds spread over 14 orders and 28 families were observed during the field investigation . In the entire landscape order passeriformes was found to be predominant order amongst all the orders with an overall representation of n=23 species and family Muscicapidae was found to be dominant family amongst all the families with an aggregation of n=7 species .Transect wise highest species diversity was recorded in transect Ⅱwith Shanon- weiner diversity index value of 2.77 followed by transect Ⅰwith a species diversity index of 2.74.The least species diversity was observed in transect Ⅳwith a diversity index value of 2.42. Statistical analysis through ANOVA showed no significant difference in the mean bird diversity between the transect (F = 0.59 , F Crit = 2.75 , df = 3,62 , p-value = 0.62 ( > 0.05) . On comparing the mean avifauna diversity in different seasons by employing ANOVA , it was revealed that there is no statistically significant difference in the mean avifauna diversity in different seasons (F=3.14, F Crit = 3.49, df = 3,12, p-value 0.06 ) ( p-value > 0.05) During the current study in the selected transects ,the most predominant species in terms of abundance in the entire landscape of South Kashmir valley were recorded to be Passer Domesticus, Columba livia, Acridotheres tristis , Corvus splendens, Pycnonotus leucogenys and Hirundo rustica .The predominance of these species has been established by other researchers during their field surveys in other parts of jammu and Kashmir and is thus ample clear that these species have successfully adapted to challenging environments and have thrived in extreme hostile conditions ranging from high altitude dominated forest habitat to highly urbanized settings and are also living in close proximity with human settlements
Avifauna, Diversity, Relative abundance , Species richness , species evenness.
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