Volume 21 No 2 (2023)
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Knowledge, attitude, and practice of iodine intake in community Al-Ahsa region, Saudi Arabia
heeba Shafi ,Naheed Kausar ,Nadia Al Jaber a ,Bechir Yahia Khelif ,Vidhya Thirunavukkarasu a asmaa saber ghalya , Sheeba kumari a , Abrar Mohammed Ahmed Al-Arfaj aGhadeer Taher Al Hassana , raniyah ahmad al hulaimid , Muhammad Arif
Iodine deficiency and subsequent iodine deficiency disorders have been a longstanding problem in many areas of the world andremains as the leading cause of preventable brain damage.The term iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) refer to all the effects of iodine deficiency on growth anddevelopment in human and animal populations that can be prevented by correction of the iodine deficiency. Lack of iodine knowledge might be a risk factor for inadequate iodine intake in population. Therefore, we aimed to determine the relationship between iodine knowledge and intake in community of Al- Ahsa region of Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Al-Ahsa region of Saudi Arabia. Iodine intake was assessed by questionnaire. A total of 300 participants completed the study.The results revealed that out of total (300) participants, 115 (38.33%) were confident about the role of iodine in the body. Youngest subjects were unaware of iodine role in the body (P= .014). More respondents were familiar with aspects of excessive iodine intake compared to inadequate iodine intake. Lack of knowledge about iodine may lead to iodine deficiency. It is recommended to educate younger age group through health education at institutional level.
Iodine intake, iodine deficiency, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
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