Volume 20 No 12 (2022)
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PHYTOCHEMICAL AND FATTY ACIDS PROFILE OF Soymida febrifuga(Roxb.)
Shraddha Pandey, Prof. Dr. Kiran Vajpai, Purnima Patel & Dr. Manish Tiwari
Abstract
The seed of Soymida febrifuga was analyzed to determine its chemical composition. Analysis of theseseed and seed oils will help group them and make their best use in medicinal and nutritional significance. The cations composition (Cu++, Zn++, Fe+++, Mn++, Ca++, Na+ ,K + ,Mg++) of the seed was determined using AAS and flame photometer, while the fatty acid composition was evaluated using gas chromatography. The phytochemical analysis determined the qualitative and quantitative analysis of seed and oil. The seed oil carried 34.4% fat, an iodine value of 57.1gm/100gm, a saponification value of 42.04mg KOH/gm, an acid value of 29.92mg/g, and unsaponifiable matter of 5.97%. The results show the presence of Palmitic acid 34.37%, Stearic acid 10.21%, Linoleic acid 20.01%, α- Linolenic acid 15.63%, and Oleic acid 15.55% are abundant in seed oil.
Keywords
Phytochemicals, qualitative and quantitative analysis, fatty acids, seed.
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