Volume 20 No 12 (2022)
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Renewable Energy Generation Using Sargassum Spp Substrate and Natural Catalyst to Achieve Zero Carbon Emission Energy Generation Technology
Swapnakumari B. Patil, Dr. A. M. Mulla, Dr. Chandrashekhar K., Mr. Mahesh B. Neelagar
As per the Kyoto Protocol, the burning of fossil energy sources for energy affects a critical mass of greenhouse gas exhausts that is put into global warming, which requires to be managed through carbon foot printing regulation. Many resources of green energy lead to minor to zero exhausts, even though pondering the entire life cycle of the systems. Renewable energy produces zero or low air pollutants. During the proposed research, samples of the rotten Sargassum found at the beaches causes adverse health impact on humans due to toxic gas release. Because of the rise in Sargassum bloom over coastal regions, there is an urgent need for identification of alternate use of Sargassum instead of investing cost and efforts in dumping huge blooms. As microbial fuel cells (MFC) can covert biomass into electricity, it can be used to convert biogenous marine sediments to electricity with organic catalyst actions. For the first time, the effect of organic catalyst materials on Pico single chamber microbial fuel cell with Sargasso and biogenous marine sediments is investigated in this paper. The experimental evaluation suggests that organic catalysts and salt water can be used to neutralize the impact of toxic gases produced by rotten Sargassum. Furthermore, we performed in-depth analysis for electricity generation and results suggest that anaerobic treatment can be boosted in MFC with use of rotten Sargassum and subsequently the organic catalyst can boost energy generation with the corresponding maximum recorded values of the generated parameters are 0.814 V, 0.0112 µA, 0.009116 µW and 0.000101 mW/m2.
Microbial fuel cell, carbon foot printing, renewable energy, clean energy, Kyoto protocol
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