Volume 21 No 2 (2023)
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Spectrum Of The Cardiac Manifestations Among Hemodialysis Patients In A Tertiary Care Hospital
Dr Farooq Ahmed. Dr Batool Butt. Dr Nouman Kareem Qureshi. DrZakiaKanwal. DrHareem Butt. Drtahirarafique. DrShoukat Hussain. DrArzuJadoon. Dr. Sarosh Khan Jadoon. Prof Dr Raja Ijaz
Objective: To determine Cardiac Conditions in CKD patients reported in Nephrology Department AIMS Method: The cross sectional study was conducted at Nephrology Department Abbas Institute of Medical Sciences (AIMS) .Total 102 cases were analyzed who came from different are as suspected CVD abnormalities in Nephrology Department AIMS for Dialysis in Dialysis Unit. Conclusion: CKD is an independent risk factor for CVD and majority of patients expire due toCVD than progress to ESRD. This risk worsens as the severity of renal dysfunctionworsens. Identification of patients with early CKD is crucial as prevention works betterthan cure. Apart from the traditional risk factors, novel risk factors peculiar to CKDresultsinearlyandrapidprogressionofCVD.Anarrayofinvasiveandnon-invasivetests is available for diagnosis of CVD but the utility of each of them in patients withCKD is still uncertain. Treatment benefits with reperfusion therapy extend to patientswith renal dysfunction but the degree of protection and risks involved needs furtherevaluation. Most of the recommendations are based on single-center data or post hocanalyses. Further randomized control trials are warranted to assess the various modalitiesforevaluation andmanagementof CVDs in CKD
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