Volume 18 No 9 (2020)
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Traditional Crop Varieties in India: Importance and Conservation
Rameshwar Nishad, Sohan lal Sahu , Poonam Verma
Traditional crop varieties are an integral part of India's agricultural heritage, contributing to food security, biodiversity conservation, and cultural diversity. However, these varieties are facing increasing threats due to factors such as monoculture, shifting consumer preferences, and lack of awareness and policy support. This paper explores the importance of traditional crop varieties in India, the threats they face, and conservation strategies to ensure their preservation. The paper highlights the role of in-situ and ex-situ conservation methods, as well as the importance of policy interventions and institutional support. Through the conservation of traditional crop varieties, India can enhance agricultural sustainability, food security, and cultural heritage preservation.
traditional crop varieties, agriculture, conservation, biodiversity, India
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