Volume 20 No 12 (2022)
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Wildlife Crime and Forensics (Bridging the Gapbetween Prosecution and Conviction of Wildlife Criminals)
Rekha Giri, Ashish Verma, Dr.Shalini Saxena
Rich biodiversity is an asset to any nation but the increasing momentum of organized wildlife crime, the loss of biodiversity reaching towards extinction of many species and protecting the world’s endangered wildlife is a major challenge for law enforcement agencies nowadays. Wildlife Crime is a highly lucrative crime and least risk with zero investment crime. Even if, the perpetrators are caught, the penalties are very light. Real victims are speechless being to defend itself, here major responsibility of conservation comes on State, which is always feel resource-less at many fronts. One such front is evidence; oral evidence is never available here as real victim here a non-human species which is speechless. Here, other evidencesplaya major role to tackle such crime at prosecution level effectively. Ineffective evidence collection in investigation, due to many reasons, is shackling efforts to identify wildlife criminals.First and the foremost requirement in many wildlife crime investigations are to identify the species and its geographical location which can be done by any expert witness or professional. As there are different types of crime scene example any corpus of wildlife animal found at the place other than the actual place of crime or it may be died due to poisoning, electrocution or any other reason. The form of evidence transforms totally after the processing which cannot be easy for frontline operational team to detect it accurately like the brushes made by the fur of mongoose. The courts rely on such careful forensic analysis, evidences and the quality of work undertaken by forensic practitioners for the prosecution.
wildlife, crime, forensic, poaching, investigation
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