DOI: 10.14704/nq.2017.15.4.1081

Fear Attachment as a Predictor for Mental Inflexibility. Hypothesis on Neural Bases

Barbara Gawda

Abstract


Attachment model formed in childhood has an important impact on emotional development, personality, and social relationships according to the theory of attachment. Attachment is thought to have an impact on the construction of the affective-cognitive schemas. Taking this data into consideration, the aim of the current study was to verify whether attachment may be a predictor for mental inflexibility – flexibility which is defined here as personality dispositions like intolerance of ambiguity, need for closure and dogmatism. The analysis was of 180 participants (persons of a similar age and education level, number of men and women was equal). The attachment styles were tested with the Plopa’s Attachment Styles Questionnaire and the Revised Experiences in Close Relationships Inventory (ECR-R – Fraley et al.). To examine mental rigidity three scales of flexibility were used: by Budner, Rokeach, and Kruglanski. A multiple regression model and a factor analysis were employed to test whether attachment styles are associated with aspects of mental inflexibility. The current findings provide support for fearful attachment as being the main predictor for dogmatism as an aspect of mental inflexibility. Furthermore, the factor analysis revealed that different aspects of inflexibility such as a need for closure, dogmatism, and tolerance of ambiguity are partly independent.

Keywords


fearful attachment, insecure attachment, need for closure, intolerance of ambiguity, dogmatism

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References


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