ojs2 has produced an error Message: USER NOTICE: Deprecated import of a partially qualified class name. In file: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/includes/functions.inc.php At line: 34 Stacktrace: File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PKPApplication->errorHandler(1024, "Deprecated import of a partially qualified class name.", "/home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/includes/functions.inc.php", 34, Array(3)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/includes/functions.inc.php line 34 Function: trigger_error("Deprecated import of a partially qualified class name.") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/plugins/generic/reviewerIndex/ReviewerIndexPlugin.inc.php line 14 Function: import("classes.plugins.GenericPlugin") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/plugins/generic/reviewerIndex/index.php line 18 Function: require_once("/home/neuroqua/public_html/plugins/generic/reviewerIndex/ReviewerIndexPlugin.inc.php") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/plugins/PluginRegistry.inc.php line 221 Function: include("/home/neuroqua/public_html/plugins/generic/reviewerIndex/index.php") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/plugins/PluginRegistry.inc.php line 107 Function: PluginRegistry->_instantiatePlugin("generic", "plugins/generic", "reviewerIndex", "ReviewerIndexPlugin") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 131 Function: PluginRegistry->loadCategory("generic", True) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 189 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/index.php line 63 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.6.40 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysqli DB server version: 10.2.27-MariaDB-cll-lve
ojs2 has produced an error Message: USER NOTICE: Deprecated function. In file: /home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/journal/Journal.inc.php At line: 259 Stacktrace: File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PKPApplication->errorHandler(1024, "Deprecated function.", "/home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/journal/Journal.inc.php", 259, Array(0)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/journal/Journal.inc.php line 259 Function: trigger_error("Deprecated function.") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/plugins/generic/reviewerIndex/ReviewerIndexPlugin.inc.php line 96 Function: Journal->getJournalId() File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/plugins/generic/reviewerIndex/ReviewerIndexPlugin.inc.php line 49 Function: ReviewerIndexPlugin->getEnabled() File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/plugins/PluginRegistry.inc.php line 65 Function: ReviewerIndexPlugin->register("generic", "plugins/generic/reviewerIndex") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/plugins/PluginRegistry.inc.php line 136 Function: PluginRegistry->register("generic", Object(ReviewerIndexPlugin), "plugins/generic/reviewerIndex") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 131 Function: PluginRegistry->loadCategory("generic", True) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 189 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/index.php line 63 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.6.40 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysqli DB server version: 10.2.27-MariaDB-cll-lve
ojs2 has produced an error Message: USER NOTICE: Deprecated function. In file: /home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/article/Article.inc.php At line: 70 Stacktrace: File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PKPApplication->errorHandler(1024, "Deprecated function.", "/home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/article/Article.inc.php", 70, Array(0)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/article/Article.inc.php line 70 Function: trigger_error("Deprecated function.") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/pages/article/ArticleHandler.inc.php line 208 Function: Article->getArticleTitle() File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: ArticleHandler->view(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPRouter.inc.php line 370 Function: call_user_func(Array(2), Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPPageRouter.inc.php line 266 Function: PKPRouter->_authorizeInitializeAndCallRequest(Array(2), Object(Request), Array(1), False) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 133 Function: PKPPageRouter->route(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 189 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/index.php line 63 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.6.40 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysqli DB server version: 10.2.27-MariaDB-cll-lve
ojs2 has produced an error Message: WARNING: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php:392) In file: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php At line: 339 Stacktrace: File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PKPApplication->errorHandler(2, "Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php:392)", "/home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php", 339, Array(7)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 339 Function: header("Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/pages/article/ArticleHandler.inc.php line 235 Function: PKPTemplateManager->display("article/article.tpl") File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: ArticleHandler->view(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPRouter.inc.php line 370 Function: call_user_func(Array(2), Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPPageRouter.inc.php line 266 Function: PKPRouter->_authorizeInitializeAndCallRequest(Array(2), Object(Request), Array(1), False) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 133 Function: PKPPageRouter->route(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 189 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/index.php line 63 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.6.40 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysqli DB server version: 10.2.27-MariaDB-cll-lve
ojs2 has produced an error Message: WARNING: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php:392) In file: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php At line: 342 Stacktrace: File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PKPApplication->errorHandler(2, "Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php:392)", "/home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php", 342, Array(7)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 342 Function: header("Cache-Control: no-store") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/pages/article/ArticleHandler.inc.php line 235 Function: PKPTemplateManager->display("article/article.tpl") File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: ArticleHandler->view(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPRouter.inc.php line 370 Function: call_user_func(Array(2), Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPPageRouter.inc.php line 266 Function: PKPRouter->_authorizeInitializeAndCallRequest(Array(2), Object(Request), Array(1), False) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 133 Function: PKPPageRouter->route(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 189 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/index.php line 63 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.6.40 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysqli DB server version: 10.2.27-MariaDB-cll-lve
Forgiveness and Forgiveness Probability Scales: Validity and Reliability Study of Turkey | Ulus | NeuroQuantology


DOI: 10.14704/nq.2017.15.4.1130

Forgiveness and Forgiveness Probability Scales: Validity and Reliability Study of Turkey

Leyla Ulus, AyÅŸe Belgin Aksoy

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to examine the validity and reliability of the Forgiveness and Forgiveness Probability Scales, developed by Rye, Loiacono, Folck, Olszewski, Heim and Madia (2001), in Turkey. This study included 180 women whose children receive education in high schools on the voluntary basis for the validity and reliability study of the scales. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was applied to assess whether the structure of the 2-factor and 15-item structure of the Forgiveness Scale and the single-factor and 10-item structure of the Forgiveness Probability Scale are verified. In the first CFA applied, items with a statistically insignificant t value were examined. According to this review, no material with an insignificant t value was found on both scales. When the coefficients showing the relationship between the observed variables and the factors of the model showing the factorial structure of both scales were examined, it was concluded that all the compliance indices were sufficient. Taking into account the compliance statistics calculated with the CFA, the previously determined single and two factor structures of Forgiveness Scale and Forgiveness Probability Scale are generally compatible with the collected data.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aalgaard RA, Bolen RM, Nugent WR. A literature review of forgiveness as a beneficial intervention to increase relationship satisfaction in couples therapy. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment 2016; 26(1): 46-55.

Allemand M, Steiner M, Hill, PL. Effects of a forgiveness intervention for older adults. Journal of Counseling Psychology 2013; 60(2): 279-86.

Alpay A. Yakın Ilişkilerde Bağışlama: Bağışmalanın; Bağlanma, Benlik Saygısı, Empati ve Kıskançlık Değişkenleri Yönünden Incelenmesi. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Ankara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Ankara, 2009.

Augsburger DW. Helping people forgive. Westminster, UK: John Knox Press, 1996.

Ayten A. Affedicilik ve Din: Affetme Eğilimi ve Dindarlıkla Ilişkisi Üzerine Ampirik Bir Araştırma. Marmara Üniversitesi, İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 2009; 37 (2): 111-28.

Berry JW, Worthington Jr, EL. Forgivingness, relationship quality, stress while imagining relationship events, and physical and mental health. Journal of Counseling Psychology 2001; 48(4): 447.

Blatt LJ, Wertheim EH. Development of the Factors Related to Forgiveness Inventory (FRFI). European Journal of Psychological Assessment 2015: 100-8.

Bugay A, Demir A. Affetme Arttırılabilinir mi? Affetmeyi Geliştirme Grubu. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi 2012; 4(37): 96-106.

Carson JW, Keefe FJ, Goli V, Fras AM, Lynch, TR, Thorp SR, Buechler JL. Forgiveness and chronic low back pain: A preliminary study examining the relationship of forgiveness to pain, anger, and psychological distress. The Journal of Pain 2005; 6(2): 84-91.

Enright RD, Freedman S, Rique J. The Psychology of Interpersonal Forgiveness. Enright, R. D., & North, J(Ed.) Exploring forgiveness Madison: University of Wisconsin, 1998: 46-62.

Hargrave TD, Sells JN. The Development of a Forgiveness Scale. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy 1997; 23(1): 41-62.

Hargrave TD, Zasowski NE. Families and forgiveness: Healing wounds in the intergenerational family. Taylor & Francis, 2016.

Fincham FD. Forgiveness, family relationships and health. In Forgiveness and Health, Springer Netherlands, 2015: 255-70.

Farrow TF, Zheng Y, Wilkinson ID, Spence SA, Deakin JW, Tarrier N, Griffiths PD, Woodruff PW. Investigating the functional anatomy of empathy and forgiveness. Neuroreport 2001;12(11):2433-38.

Griffin BJ. Development of a two-factor self-forgiveness scale(Doctoral dissertation, Virginia Commonwealth University), VCU University Archives, 2016.

Güloğlu B, Karaırmak Ö, Emiral E. Çocukluk çağı travmalarının tinsellik ve affetme üzerindeki rolü. Journal of Psychiatry 2016; 17(4): 309-16.

Kato T. Effects of partner forgiveness on romantic break-ups in dating relationships: A longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences 2016; 95: 185-9.

Kamat VI, Jones WH, Row KL. Assessing Forgiveness as a Dimension of Personality. Individual Differences Research 2006; 4(5): 322-30

Kaya F, Peker A. Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Affetme ve Mükemmeliyetçilik Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişki: Duygusal Zekânın Aracı Rolü. University of Gaziantep Journal of Social Sciences 2016; 15(4):1086-94

Kimmes JG, Durtschi JA. (2016). Forgiveness in Romantic Relationships: The Roles of Attachment, Empathy, and Attributions. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy 2016; 42(4): 645-58.

McCullough ME, Rachal KC, Sandage SJ, Worthington Jr, EL, Brown SW, Hight TL. Interpersonal forgiving in close relationships: II. Theoretical elaboration and measurement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1998; 75(6): 1586-98.

McCullough ME, Hoyt WT, Rachal KC. What we know (and need to know) about assessing forgiveness constructs. M.E. McCullough, K. I. Pargament, & C. E. Thoresen (Eds.) Forgiveness: Theory, research and practice, New York: Guilford Press, 2000: 65-88.

Pareek S, Mathur N, Mangnani K. Subjective and psychological well-being as related to dispositional and motivational forgiveness among adolescents. Indian Journal of Health and Wellbeing 2016; 7(1); 125-8

Regalia C, Paleari FG. Forgiveness of Others Scale. In Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research, Springer Netherlands, 2014: 2338-40.

Rye MS, Loiacono DM., Folck CD, Olszewski BT., Heim, TA, Madia BP. (2001). Evaluation of the psychometric properties of two forgiveness scales. Current Psychology 2001; 20(3): 260-77.

Sandage SJ, Worthingon Jr, EL, Hight TL, Berry JW. Seeking forgiveness: Theoretical context and an initial empirical study. Journal of Psychology and Theology 2000; 28(1): 21-35.

Scabini E. Family relationships: A long-lasting source of well-being. Community Psychology in Global Perspective 2016 Jan 2;2(1):36-51.

Seybold KS, Hill PC, Neumann JK, Chi DS. Physiological and psychological correlates of forgiveness. Journal of Psychology and Christianity 2001; 20(3), 250-9.

Şencan H. Sosyal ve davranışsal ölçümlerde geçerlilik ve güvenirlik. Ankara: Seçkin Matbaası, 2005.

Şener E, Çetinkaya, FF. Bir Liderlik Özelliği Olarak Affetme ve Örgütsel Düzeyde Etkileri Üzerine Bir İnceleme. İşletme Araştırmaları Dergisi 2015; 7(4): 24-42.

Thompson LY, Snyder CR, Hoffman L, Michael ST, Rasmussen, HN, Billings LS. Dispositional forgiveness of self, others, and situations. Journal of Personality 2005; 73: 313-359.

Tuck I, Anderson L. Forgiveness, flourishing, and resilience: The influences of expressions of spirituality on mental health recovery. Issues in Mental Health Nursing 2014; 35(4): 277-82.

Wal RC, Karremans JC, Cillessen AH. Causes and consequences of children's forgiveness. Child Development Perspectives 2017; 11(2): 97-101.

Worthington Jr EL, Wade NG. The psychology of unforgiveness and forgiveness and implications for clinical practice. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 1999;18(4):385-418.

Worthington Jr EL, Griffin BJ, Lavelock CR, Hughes CM, Greer CL, Sandage SJ, Rye MS. Forgiveness are Exemplars of Positive Clinical Psychology. The Wiley Handbook of Positive Clinical Psychology, 2016: 365.

Ulus L. Annelere Verilen Empati Eğitiminin Bağışlama ve Empati Düzeylerine Etkisi, Gazi Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yayınlanmamış DoktoraTezi, Ankara, 2015.

Uysal V. Genç Yetişkinlerde Affetme Eğilimleri ve Dinî Yönelim/ Dindarlık, Marmara Üniversitesi, İlâhiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 2015; 48: 35-56.

VanOyen Witvliet C. Forgiveness and health: Review and reflections on a matter of faith, feelings, and physiology. Journal of Psychology and Theology 2001;29(3):212-24.

Yılmaz ÖD. Algılanan Mağduriyetin Affetme Eğilimi ve İntikam Niyeti Üzerindeki Etkisi: Konaklama İşletmeleri Çalışanlarına Yönelik Bir Araştırma. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi 2014; 16 (1): 87-105.


Supporting Agencies



ojs2 has produced an error Message: USER NOTICE: Deprecated function. In file: /home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/journal/Journal.inc.php At line: 259 Stacktrace: File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PKPApplication->errorHandler(1024, "Deprecated function.", "/home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/journal/Journal.inc.php", 259, Array(0)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/journal/Journal.inc.php line 259 Function: trigger_error("Deprecated function.") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/plugins/generic/piwik/PiwikPlugin.inc.php line 167 Function: Journal->getJournalId() File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PiwikPlugin->insertFooter("Templates::Article::Footer::PageFooter", Array(3)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/plugins/HookRegistry.inc.php line 83 Function: call_user_func(Array(2), "Templates::Article::Footer::PageFooter", Array(3)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 703 Function: HookRegistry->call("Templates::Article::Footer::PageFooter", Array(3)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/cache/t_compile/%%CC^CCB^CCBBF62B%%footer.tpl.php line 55 Function: PKPTemplateManager->smartyCallHook(Array(1), Object(TemplateManager)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1869 Function: include("/home/neuroqua/public_html/cache/t_compile/%%CC^CCB^CCBBF62B%%footer.tpl.php") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 210 Function: Smarty->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/cache/t_compile/%%38^38D^38D7420B%%article.tpl.php line 182 Function: PKPTemplateManager->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1263 Function: include("/home/neuroqua/public_html/cache/t_compile/%%38^38D^38D7420B%%article.tpl.php") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 295 Function: Smarty->fetch("article/article.tpl", Null, Null, True) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 346 Function: PKPTemplateManager->fetch("article/article.tpl", Null, Null, True) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/pages/article/ArticleHandler.inc.php line 235 Function: PKPTemplateManager->display("article/article.tpl") File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: ArticleHandler->view(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPRouter.inc.php line 370 Function: call_user_func(Array(2), Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPPageRouter.inc.php line 266 Function: PKPRouter->_authorizeInitializeAndCallRequest(Array(2), Object(Request), Array(1), False) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 133 Function: PKPPageRouter->route(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 189 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/index.php line 63 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.6.40 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysqli DB server version: 10.2.27-MariaDB-cll-lve


| NeuroScience + QuantumPhysics> NeuroQuantology :: Copyright 2001-2019