ojs2 has produced an error Message: USER NOTICE: Deprecated import of a partially qualified class name. In file: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/includes/functions.inc.php At line: 34 Stacktrace: File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PKPApplication->errorHandler(1024, "Deprecated import of a partially qualified class name.", "/home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/includes/functions.inc.php", 34, Array(3)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/includes/functions.inc.php line 34 Function: trigger_error("Deprecated import of a partially qualified class name.") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/plugins/generic/reviewerIndex/ReviewerIndexPlugin.inc.php line 14 Function: import("classes.plugins.GenericPlugin") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/plugins/generic/reviewerIndex/index.php line 18 Function: require_once("/home/neuroqua/public_html/plugins/generic/reviewerIndex/ReviewerIndexPlugin.inc.php") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/plugins/PluginRegistry.inc.php line 221 Function: include("/home/neuroqua/public_html/plugins/generic/reviewerIndex/index.php") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/plugins/PluginRegistry.inc.php line 107 Function: PluginRegistry->_instantiatePlugin("generic", "plugins/generic", "reviewerIndex", "ReviewerIndexPlugin") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 131 Function: PluginRegistry->loadCategory("generic", True) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 189 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/index.php line 63 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.6.40 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysqli DB server version: 10.2.27-MariaDB-cll-lve
ojs2 has produced an error Message: USER NOTICE: Deprecated function. In file: /home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/journal/Journal.inc.php At line: 259 Stacktrace: File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PKPApplication->errorHandler(1024, "Deprecated function.", "/home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/journal/Journal.inc.php", 259, Array(0)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/journal/Journal.inc.php line 259 Function: trigger_error("Deprecated function.") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/plugins/generic/reviewerIndex/ReviewerIndexPlugin.inc.php line 96 Function: Journal->getJournalId() File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/plugins/generic/reviewerIndex/ReviewerIndexPlugin.inc.php line 49 Function: ReviewerIndexPlugin->getEnabled() File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/plugins/PluginRegistry.inc.php line 65 Function: ReviewerIndexPlugin->register("generic", "plugins/generic/reviewerIndex") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/plugins/PluginRegistry.inc.php line 136 Function: PluginRegistry->register("generic", Object(ReviewerIndexPlugin), "plugins/generic/reviewerIndex") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 131 Function: PluginRegistry->loadCategory("generic", True) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 189 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/index.php line 63 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.6.40 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysqli DB server version: 10.2.27-MariaDB-cll-lve
ojs2 has produced an error Message: USER NOTICE: Deprecated function. In file: /home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/article/Article.inc.php At line: 70 Stacktrace: File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PKPApplication->errorHandler(1024, "Deprecated function.", "/home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/article/Article.inc.php", 70, Array(0)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/article/Article.inc.php line 70 Function: trigger_error("Deprecated function.") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/pages/article/ArticleHandler.inc.php line 208 Function: Article->getArticleTitle() File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: ArticleHandler->view(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPRouter.inc.php line 370 Function: call_user_func(Array(2), Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPPageRouter.inc.php line 266 Function: PKPRouter->_authorizeInitializeAndCallRequest(Array(2), Object(Request), Array(1), False) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 133 Function: PKPPageRouter->route(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 189 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/index.php line 63 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.6.40 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysqli DB server version: 10.2.27-MariaDB-cll-lve
ojs2 has produced an error Message: WARNING: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php:392) In file: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php At line: 339 Stacktrace: File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PKPApplication->errorHandler(2, "Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php:392)", "/home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php", 339, Array(7)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 339 Function: header("Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/pages/article/ArticleHandler.inc.php line 235 Function: PKPTemplateManager->display("article/article.tpl") File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: ArticleHandler->view(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPRouter.inc.php line 370 Function: call_user_func(Array(2), Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPPageRouter.inc.php line 266 Function: PKPRouter->_authorizeInitializeAndCallRequest(Array(2), Object(Request), Array(1), False) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 133 Function: PKPPageRouter->route(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 189 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/index.php line 63 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.6.40 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysqli DB server version: 10.2.27-MariaDB-cll-lve
ojs2 has produced an error Message: WARNING: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php:392) In file: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php At line: 342 Stacktrace: File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PKPApplication->errorHandler(2, "Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php:392)", "/home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php", 342, Array(7)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 342 Function: header("Cache-Control: no-store") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/pages/article/ArticleHandler.inc.php line 235 Function: PKPTemplateManager->display("article/article.tpl") File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: ArticleHandler->view(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPRouter.inc.php line 370 Function: call_user_func(Array(2), Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPPageRouter.inc.php line 266 Function: PKPRouter->_authorizeInitializeAndCallRequest(Array(2), Object(Request), Array(1), False) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 133 Function: PKPPageRouter->route(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 189 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/index.php line 63 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.6.40 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysqli DB server version: 10.2.27-MariaDB-cll-lve
Near Death Experiences: A New Algorithmic Approach to Verifying Consciousness Outside the Brain | Laws | NeuroQuantology


DOI: 10.14704/nq.2010.8.2.280

Near Death Experiences: A New Algorithmic Approach to Verifying Consciousness Outside the Brain

Valerie Laws, Elaine Perry

Abstract


Quantum mechanics arose to explain 'wobbles' in predicted effects of Newtonian physics, such as the stability of electron orbitals. Similarly, scientifically verified phenomena in the field of neuroscience which contradict known theories of brain function, could give weight and credibility to neuroquantology, stimulating new research and discovery. The existence of consciousness outside the physical brain, often recounted anecdotally in various forms, if verified, could be such a phenomenon. Accounts of ‘Out of Body Experiences’ (OBEs), often incorporating ‘Near Death Experiences’ (NDEs) have accumulated over many years, with believers in the empirical actuality of the OBE/NDE, and sceptics entrenched. After an overview of explanations and theories on both sides, with counter-arguments, we make the case for a new approach, for identifying verifiable cases, if any. This would allow critical appraisal of evidence, according to scientific methodology, though with certain inescapable limitations. Using a specific, much-cited case, we show how distorted accounts of NDEs may be used to support supposedly ‘scientific’ arguments. We propose an algorithm, to discount unsuitable cases, identify verifiable features, and allow further reputable scientific study, and an online cache, of suitable cases. Verifying out-of-brain consciousness would stimulate new technology, for medical science, and even communication between brains – and new science to explain it, conceivably using quantum models, as it’s impossible according to current neuroscience. It would advance arguments about defining death, even survival after death. However slim the chance of verifying OBEs, the potential benefits and advances in scientific and biomedical knowledge make the attempt worthwhile.

Keywords


near death experience, consciousness, OBE, out of body experience

Full Text:

PDF

Supporting Agencies



ojs2 has produced an error Message: USER NOTICE: Deprecated function. In file: /home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/journal/Journal.inc.php At line: 259 Stacktrace: File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PKPApplication->errorHandler(1024, "Deprecated function.", "/home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/journal/Journal.inc.php", 259, Array(0)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/classes/journal/Journal.inc.php line 259 Function: trigger_error("Deprecated function.") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/plugins/generic/piwik/PiwikPlugin.inc.php line 167 Function: Journal->getJournalId() File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: PiwikPlugin->insertFooter("Templates::Article::Footer::PageFooter", Array(3)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/plugins/HookRegistry.inc.php line 83 Function: call_user_func(Array(2), "Templates::Article::Footer::PageFooter", Array(3)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 703 Function: HookRegistry->call("Templates::Article::Footer::PageFooter", Array(3)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/cache/t_compile/%%CC^CCB^CCBBF62B%%footer.tpl.php line 55 Function: PKPTemplateManager->smartyCallHook(Array(1), Object(TemplateManager)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1869 Function: include("/home/neuroqua/public_html/cache/t_compile/%%CC^CCB^CCBBF62B%%footer.tpl.php") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 210 Function: Smarty->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/cache/t_compile/%%38^38D^38D7420B%%article.tpl.php line 182 Function: PKPTemplateManager->_smarty_include(Array(2)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/lib/smarty/Smarty.class.php line 1263 Function: include("/home/neuroqua/public_html/cache/t_compile/%%38^38D^38D7420B%%article.tpl.php") File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 295 Function: Smarty->fetch("article/article.tpl", Null, Null, True) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/template/PKPTemplateManager.inc.php line 346 Function: PKPTemplateManager->fetch("article/article.tpl", Null, Null, True) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/pages/article/ArticleHandler.inc.php line 235 Function: PKPTemplateManager->display("article/article.tpl") File: (unknown) line (unknown) Function: ArticleHandler->view(Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPRouter.inc.php line 370 Function: call_user_func(Array(2), Array(1), Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPPageRouter.inc.php line 266 Function: PKPRouter->_authorizeInitializeAndCallRequest(Array(2), Object(Request), Array(1), False) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/Dispatcher.inc.php line 133 Function: PKPPageRouter->route(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/lib/pkp/classes/core/PKPApplication.inc.php line 189 Function: Dispatcher->dispatch(Object(Request)) File: /home/neuroqua/public_html/index.php line 63 Function: PKPApplication->execute() Server info: OS: Linux PHP Version: 5.6.40 Apache Version: N/A DB Driver: mysqli DB server version: 10.2.27-MariaDB-cll-lve


| NeuroScience + QuantumPhysics> NeuroQuantology :: Copyright 2001-2019